Voices of the American Nation, Revised Edition, Volume 1

Paperback | October 25, 2007

byMark C. Carnes, John A. Garraty

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This collection of primary sources includes both classic and lesser-known documents describing the rich mosaic of American life from the pre-contact era to the present day. The sources, both public and private documents–ranging from letters, diary excerpts, stories, novels, to speeches, court cases, and government reports–tell the story of American history in the words of those who lived it.

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This collection of primary sources includes both classic and lesser-known documents describing the rich mosaic of American life from the pre-contact era to the present day. The sources, both public and private documents–ranging from letters, diary excerpts, stories, novels, to speeches, court cases, and government reports–tell the stor...

From the Jacket

This collection of primary sources includes both classic and lesser-known documents describing the rich mosaic of American life from the pre-contact era to the present day. The sources, both public and private documents–ranging from letters, diary excerpts, stories, novels, to speeches, court cases, and government reports–tell the stor...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:262 pages, 9 × 6.3 × 0.6 inPublished:October 25, 2007Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0205606148

ISBN - 13:9780205606146

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Table of Contents

Preface vii

Prologue–Beginnings 1

• Pima Creation Story (Traditional–Ancient) 2

• Dekanawida Myth and the Achievement of Iroquois Unity (ca. 1500s) 4

• Duarte Barbosa, A Description of the Coast of East Africa (1518) 7

 

Chapter 1–Alien Encounters: Europe in the Americas 13

• Christopher Columbus, Letter to Luis de Sant’ Angel (1493) 15

• Bartholomé de Las Casas, “Of the Island of Hispaniola” (1542) 19

• Jacques Marquette, from The Mississippi Voyage of

Joliet and Marquette (1673) 21

• Thomas Mun, from England’s Treasure by Foreign Trade (1664) 24

• John Smith, “The Starving Time” (1624) 27

• John Winthrop, “A Model of Christian Charity” (1630) 29

• Excerpt from the Trial of Anne Hutchinson (1637) 32

 

Chapter 2–American Society in the Making 37

• Bacon’s Rebellion: The Declaration (1676) 39

• William Bull, Report on the Stono Rebellion (1739) 42

• Gottlieb Mittelberger, The Passage of Indentured Servants (1750) 44

• Elizabeth Sprigs, Letter to Her Father (1756) 47

• Olaudah Equiano, The Middle Passage (1788) 49

• Alexander Falconbridge, The African Slave Trade (1788) 52

• James Oglethorpe, Establishing the Colony of Georgia (1733) 55

 

Chapter 3–America in the British Empire 59

• Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crèvecouer, from Letters from

an American Farmer (1782) 61

• Benjamin Franklin, “Upon Hearing George Whitefield Preach” (1771) 63

• Jonathan Edwards, from “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” (1741) 65

• John Dickinson, from Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania (1768) 67

• Address of the Inhabitants of Anson County to Governor Martin (1774) 69

 

Chapter 4–The American Revolution 73

• Patrick Henry, “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” (1775) 75

• Joseph Warren, “Account of the Battle of Lexington” (1775) 78

• Letter from a Revolutionary War Soldier (1776) 81

• George Washington, The Newburg Address (1783) 84

• Judith Sargent Murray, “On the Equality of the Sexes” (1790) 87

• Molly Wallace, Valedictory Oration (1792) 89

• Slave Petition to the General Assembly in Connecticut (1779) 91

 

Chapter 5–The Federalist Era: Nationalism Triumphant 95

• Publius (James Madison), Federalist Paper #10 (1788) 97

• George Mason, “Objections to This Constitution of Government” (1787) 100

• Benjamin Banneker, Letter to Thomas Jefferson (1791) 102

• “Petition for Access to Education” (1787) 104

• George Washington, Farewell Address (1796) 106

• The Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) 109

 

Chapter 6–Jeffersonian Democracy 113

• Thomas Jefferson, First Inaugural Address (1801) 114

Marbury v. Madison (1803) 117

• Meriwether Lewis, Journal (1805) 119

 

Chapter 7–National Growing Pains 123

• Tecumseh, Letter to Governor William Henry Harrison (1810) 125

• Missouri Enabling Act (1820) 127

• The Monroe Doctrine (1823) 129

 

Chapter 8–Toward a National Economy 133

Albany Daily Advertiser on the Erie Canal (1819) 134

The Harbinger, Female Workers of Lowell (1836) 136

• Mary Paul, Letters Home (1845, 1846) 139

 

Chapter 9–Jacksonian Democracy 143

• Andrew Jackson, First Annual Message to Congress (1829) 145

• “Memorial of the Cherokee Nation” (1830) 147

• Henry Clay, Speech Opposing President Jackson’s Veto

of the Bank Bill (1832) 149

• Davy Crockett, Advice to Politicians (1833) 152

 

Chapter 10–The Making of Middle-Class America 155

• Charles Finney, “Religious Revival” (1835) 158

• Dorothea Dix, Appeal on Behalf of the Insane (1843) 161

• William Lloyd Garrison, from The Liberator (1831) 163

• Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Declaration of Sentiments (1848) 165

• Henry David Thoreau, from “Civil Disobedience” (1849) 168

• Walt Whitman, Preface to Leaves of Grass (1855) 171

 

Chapter 11–Westward Expansion 175

• John L. O’Sullivan, “The Great Nation of Futurity” (1845) 177

• José María Sánchez, from “A Trip to Texas” (1828) 180

• Thomas Corwin, Against the Mexican War (1847) 182

• Elizabeth Dixon Smith Greer, Journal (1847—1850) 185

• Chief Seattle, Oration (1854) 187

 

Chapter 12–The Sections Go Their Ways 191

• Nat Turner, Confession (1831) 192

• Benjamin Drew, Narratives of Escaped Slaves (1855) 194

• George Fitzhugh, “The Blessings of Slavery” (1857) 197

 

Chapter 13–The Coming of the Civil War 203

• Harriet Beecher Stowe, from Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) 205

• The Ostend Manifesto (1854) 207

Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) 210

• Frederick Douglass, Independence Day Speech (1852) 212

• John Brown, Address to the Virginia Court (1859) 215

 

Chapter 14–The War to Save the Union 219

• James Henry Gooding, Letter to President Lincoln (1863) 221

• Jefferson Davis, Second Inaugural Address as President of

the Confederate States of America (1862) 223

• Clara Barton, Medical Life at the Battlefield (1862) 226

• Theodore A. Dodge, from Civil War Diary (1863) 229

• Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address (1863) 232

 

Chapter 15–Reconstruction and the South 235

• Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address (1865) 237

• Mississippi Black Codes (1865) 239

• A Sharecrop Contract (1882) 242

• Congressional Testimony on the Actions of the Ku Klux Klan (1872) 245

Civil Rights Cases (1883) 249

Credits 253