War, Hunger, and Displacement: The Origins of Humanitarian Emergencies Volume 1: War Hunger…

Hardcover | October 1, 2000

EditorE. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, Raimo Vayrynen

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Civil wars in developing countries are amongst the most significant sources of human suffering in the world today. Although there are many political analyses of these emergencies, this two-volume work is the first comprehensive study of the economic, social, and political roots of humanitarianemergencies, identifying early measures to prevent such disasters. Nafziger, Stewart, and Vayrynen draw on a wide range of specialists on the political economy of war and on major conflicts to show the causes of conflict. The first volume provides a general overview of the nature and causes of the emergencies, including economic, political, and environmentalfactors. The second volume provides detailed case studies of thirteen conflicts (including Rwanda, Burundi, the Congo, Afghanistan, and the Caucasus) that originated in the weakness of the state or where economic factors predominate. The volumes emphasize the significance of protracted economicstagnation and decline, government exclusion of distinct social groups, state failure, predatory rule, and high and increasing inequality, especially horizontal inequalities, or inequality among groups in access to political, economic, and social resources. They criticize beliefs recurrent in theliterature that emergencies are the result of deteriorating environmental conditions or structural adjustment, or arise from ethnic animosities alone. Violent conflicts and state violence arise from the interaction of cultural, economic, and political factors. Following this analysis of the causesof war and genocide, the work points to policies that would help to prevent humanitarian emergencies in developing countries, which would be much less costly than the present strategy of the world community of spending millions of dollars annually to provide mediation, relief, and rehabilitationafter the conflict occurs.

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Civil wars in developing countries are amongst the most significant sources of human suffering in the world today. Although there are many political analyses of these emergencies, this two-volume work is the first comprehensive study of the economic, social, and political roots of humanitarianemergencies, identifying early measures to ...

E. Wayne Nafziger is at Kansas State University. Frances Stewart is at Somerville College, Oxford.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:366 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.98 inPublished:October 1, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198297394

ISBN - 13:9780198297390

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Table of Contents

Volume 1. The Origins of Humanitarian Emergencies: War and Displacement in Developing Countries1. Frances Stewart: The Root Causes of Humanitarian Emergencies2. Raimo Vayrynen: Complex Humanitarian Emergencies: Concepts and Issues3. E. Wayne Nafziger and Juha Auvinen: The Economic Causes of Humanitarian Emergencies4. James Fairhead: The Conflict Over Natural and Environmental Resources5. Ashok Swain: Water Scarcity as a Source of Crises6. Christian Morrisson: Stabilization Programmes, Social Costs, Violence, and Humanitarian Emergencies7. Kalevi J. Holsti: Political Causes of Humanitarian Emergencies8. David Keen: War, Crime, and Access to Resources9. Jocelyn Alexander, JoAnn McGregor, and Terence Ranger: Ethnicity and the Politics of Conflict: The Case of MatabelelandVolume 2. Weak States and Vulnerable Economies: Humanitarian Emergencies in Developing Countries1. E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Vayrynen: Case Studies of Complex Humanitarian Emergencies: An Introduction2. Barnett R. Rubin: Afghanistan: The Last Cold War Conflict, the First Post-Cold War Conflict3. Philippe Le Billon and Karen Bakker: Cambodia: Genocide, Autocracy, and the Overpolitized State4. Abbas Alnasrawi: Iraq: Economic Embargo and Predatory Rule5. Patrick D. Gaffney: Burundi: The Long Sombre Shadow of Ethnic Instability6. Peter Uvin: Rwanda: The Social Roots of Genocide7. Juha Auvinen and Timo Kivimaki: Somalia: The Struggle for Resources8. William Reno: Liberia and Sierra Leone: The Competition for Patronage in Resource-Rich Economies9. Kisangani N. F. Emizet: Congo (Zaire): Corruption, Disintegration, and State Failure10. Jeni Klugman: Kenya: Economic Decline and Ethnic Politics11. Mats Lundahl: Haiti: Towards the Abyss? Poverty, Dependence, and Resource Depletion12. Manuel Pastor and James K. Boyce: El Salvador: Economic Disparities, External Intervention, and Civil Conflict13. Raimo Vayrynen and Leila Alieva: The South Caucasus: The Breakdown of the Soviet Empire14. Raimo Vayrynen: Weak States and Humanitarian Emergencies: Failure, Predation, and Rent-Seeking

Editorial Reviews

`Everyone interested in the issues and regions discussed will find considerable value in these books, which deserve a place in any serious library'Martin Shaw, Journal of Development Studies