War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War by Robert Gerwarth

War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War

EditorRobert Gerwarth, John Horne

Paperback | November 3, 2013

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The First World War did not end in November 1918. In Russia and Eastern Europe it finished up to a year earlier, and both there and elsewhere in the world it triggered conflicts that lasted down to 1923. Paramilitary formations were prominent in this continuation of the war.Paramilitary violence was an important ingredient in the clashes unleashed by class revolution in Russia. It structured the counter-revolution in central and Eastern Europe, including Finland and Italy, which in the name of order and authority reacted against a mythic version of Bolshevik classviolence. It also shaped the struggles over borders and ethnicity in the new states that replaced the multi-national empires of Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Turkey. It was prominent on all sides in the wars for Irish independence. Paramilitary violence was charged with political significanceand acquired a long-lasting symbolism and influence. War in Peace explores the differences and similarities between these various kinds of paramilitary violence within one volume for the first time. It contributes to our understanding of the difficult transitions from war to peace, re-situates the Great War in a longer-term context, and explains itsenduring impact.

About The Author

Robert Gerwarth was born in Berlin and educated at Oxford where he also held a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship. He has been Professor of Modern History at University College Dublin and Director of UCD's Centre for War Studies since 2009. He is the author of several monographs and edited books on modern European history, most re...

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Title:War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great WarFormat:PaperbackDimensions:256 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.07 inPublished:November 3, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019968605X

ISBN - 13:9780199686056

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Table of Contents

1. Robert Gerwarth and John Horne: Paramilitarism in Europe after the Great War: An IntroductionPart I: Revolution and Counter-Revolution2. William G. Rosenberg: Paramilitary Violence in Russia's Civil Wars, 1918-19203. Robert Gerwarth and John Horne: Bolshevism as Fantasy: Fear of Revolution and Counter-Revolutionary Violence, 1917-19234. Robert Gerwarth: Fighting the Red Beast: Counter-Revolutionary Violence in the Defeated States of Central Europe5. Pertty Haapala and Marko Tikka: Revolution, Civil War, and Terror in Finland in 19186. Emilio Gentile: Paramilitary Violence in Italy: The Rationale of Fascism and the Origins of TotalitarianismPart II: Nations, Borderlands, and Ethnic Violence7. Serhy Yekelchyk: Bands of Nation Builders? Insurgency and Ideology in the Ukrainian Civil War8. Tomas Balkelis: Turning Citizens into Soldiers: Baltic Paramilitary Movements after the Great War9. John Paul Newman: The Origins, Attributes, and Legacies of Paramilitary Violence in the Balkans10. Ugur Umit Ungor: Paramilitary Violence in the Collapsing Ottoman Empire11. Julia Eichenberg: Soldiers to Civilians, Civilians to Soldiers: Poland and Ireland after the First World War12. Anne Dolan: The British Culture of Paramilitary Violence in the Irish War of Independence13. John Horne: Defending Victory: Paramilitary Politics in France, 1918-1926. A Counter-example

Editorial Reviews

"Here is essential reading for anyone interested in the way violence at the end of the Great War led into the post-war period with profound and devastating effects. This innovative collection of essays helps shift the centre of gravity of twentieth-century European studies to the east, anddoes so through illuminating studies of the breakdown of the state's monopoly on violence from Ireland to Turkey and beyond." Jay Winter, Yale University