Most wars, insurgencies and terrorist attacks are in the Muslim World. This is not a coincidence; understanding this phenomenon in its political and psychosocial perspectives is vital. An attempt is made to analyze these observable facts in a comprehensive, academic method why such incidentsare more prevalent is the Muslim countries. It is crucial to understand the dynamics, the frustrations and the political system in the Muslim World. The author attempts to scrutinize and synthesize what has been reported from the scientific and professional literature. History of terrorism whetherin the past or present is clarified Different theories of psychopathologies of terrorism and the theoretical, biological, social and psychological approaches are discussed in understanding these phenomena. The wars in the Muslim World in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries whether in Palestine,Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bosnia, Chechnya, Algeria, Lebanon and Struggle of Kashmir's liberation, are discussed with the psychiatric aftermath on the civilians, validated by the guest authors from Muslim WorldChapter on insurgencies in the Muslim World, focuses in particular on the plight of the civilians population in Pakistan's Fata region (Federally Administered Area, bordering Afghanistan) and the NWFP, of Pakistan. Sensitive attention is paid to vulnerable groups such as refugees, and children whosesuffering can sometimes go unheard. The book has a positive message, particularly with regard to the positive roles which could be enacted by mental health professionals. Mutual understanding itself represents an important step towards peace and reconciliation.