Water Chemistry: An Introduction to the Chemistry of Natural and Engineered Aquatic Systems

Hardcover | April 5, 2011

byPatrick L. Brezonik, William A. Arnold

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Water Chemistry provides students with the tools necessary to understand the processes that control the chemical species present in waters of both natural and engineered systems. After providing basic information about water itself and the chemical composition of water in environmentalsystems, the text covers the necessary theory (thermodynamics, activity, and kinetics) and background material to solve problems. It emphasizes that both equilibrium and kinetic processes are important in aquatic systems. The book does not merely focus on inorganic constituents, but also on the fateand reactions of organic chemicals.The solving of quantitative equilibrium and kinetic problems using mathematical, graphical, and computational tools is emphasized throughout presentations on acid-base chemistry, complexation of metal ions, solubility of minerals, and oxidation-reduction reactions. The use of these problem-solvingtools is then extended in the presentation of topics relevant to natural systems, including dissolved oxygen, nutrient chemistry, geochemical controls on chemical composition, photochemistry, and natural organic matter. The kinetics and equilibria relevant to engineered systems (e.g., chlorinationand disinfection chemistry, sorption and surface chemistry) and organic contaminant chemistry are also discussed. Numerous in-chapter examples that show the application of theory and demonstrate how problems are solved using algebraic, graphical, and computer-based techniques are included. Examplesare relevant to both natural waters and engineered systems.

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From the Publisher

Water Chemistry provides students with the tools necessary to understand the processes that control the chemical species present in waters of both natural and engineered systems. After providing basic information about water itself and the chemical composition of water in environmentalsystems, the text covers the necessary theory (ther...

Patrick L. Brezonik is Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering at the University of Minnesota. His research interests are focused on natural aquatic systems, including nutrient cycling and chemistry, metal complexation by natural organic matter, and applications of remote sensing to aquatic systems. William A. Arnold is Associate Prof...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:752 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:April 5, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199730725

ISBN - 13:9780199730728

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Table of Contents

Part I. Prologue1. Introductory matters2. Inorganic chemical composition of natural waters: elements of aqueous geochemistryPart II. Theory, Fundamentals and Important Tools3. The thermodynamic basis for equilibrium chemistry4. Activity-concentration relationships5. Chemical kinetics6. Fundamentals of organic chemistry for environmental systems7. Solving ionic equilibria problemsPart III. Inorganic Chemical Equilibria and Kinetics8. Acid-base systems in natural waters9. Complexation reactions and metal ion speciation10. Solubility: reactions of solid phases with water11. Redox equilibria and kineticsPart IV. Chemistry of Natural Waters and Engineered Systems12. Dissolved oxygen13. Chemistry of chlorine and other disinfectants14. Surface chemistry and sorption processes15. Aqueous geochemistry II: minor metals (Al, Fe, Mn), silica, minerals and weathering16. Nutrient cycles and chemistry: nitrogen and phosphorus17. Fundamentals of photochemistry and some applications in aquatic systems18. Natural organic matter and aquatic humic substances19. Chemical behavior of organic pollutants