Weather and Climate: An Introduction by Sheila Loudon RossWeather and Climate: An Introduction by Sheila Loudon Ross

Weather and Climate: An Introduction

bySheila Loudon Ross

Paperback | February 28, 2017

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Now in a fully revised second edition, Weather and Climate provides an interdisciplinary, systems-based approach to the scientific processes and theories behind weather and climate in Canada and around the globe. Loaded with stimulating questions and activities that encourage independentthinking, this rigorous yet accessible introduction will inspire students to engage with key issues, ask questions, and conduct their own meteorological and climatological investigations.
Sheila Ross is an instructor at Capilano University.
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Title:Weather and Climate: An IntroductionFormat:PaperbackDimensions:544 pages, 11 × 8.5 × 0.63 inPublished:February 28, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019902135X

ISBN - 13:9780199021352

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Table of Contents

1. The Study of the Atmosphere1.1 Weather and Climate1.2 The Earth-Atmosphere System1.3 The Role of Science1.4 The Role of Math - A Language and a Tool1.5 Dimensions and Units1.6 The Structure of the Atmosphere2. The Composition of the Atmosphere2.1 The Chemical Composition of Air2.2 Gases in the Climate System - Stocks and Flows2.3 Nitrogen (N2)2.4 Oxygen (O2)2.5 Carbon Dioxide (CO2)2.6 Water Vapour (H2O)2.7 Ozxone (O3)2.8 Compositional Layers2.9 Atmospheric Aresols2.10 The Formation and Evolution of the Atmosphere2.11 Earth as a Habitable Planet3. The Behaviour of the Atmosphere3.1 The Kinetic Theory of Matter3.2 Early Contributions to the Kinetic Theory of Gases3.3 The Ideal Gas Law3.4 Hydrostatic Balance3.5 The Hypsometric Equation3.6 The Influence of Temperature on Pressure Distribution3.7 Weather Maps4. Energy4.1 Heat4.2 Work4.3 The First Law of Thermodynamics4.4 Heat Transfer5. Radiation5.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum5.2 Emission of Radiation5.3 Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission of Radiation5.4 Albedo5.5 Radiation in the Atmosphere: Scattering and Absorption5.6 The Greenhouse Effect5.7 The Temperature Structure of the Atmosphere5.8 Arctic Amplification5.9 Solar, or Shortwave, Radiation6. Energy Balance6.1 Effective Radiating Temperature6.2 Flows of Solar (Shortwave) Radiation6.3 Flows of Terrestrial (Longwave) Radiation6.4 Planetary Energy Balance6.5 Latitudinal Radiative Imbalances6.6 Surface Energy Balance7. Water Vapour7.1 Vapour Pressure7.2 Evaporation and Condensation7.3 Saturation Vapour Pressure7.4 The Concept of Saturation7.5 Absolute and Relative Measures of Humidity7.6 Methods of Measuring Atmospheric Humidity7.7 Humidity and Human Comfort8. Adiabatic Lapse Rates and Atmospheric Stability8.1 Adiabatic Processes8.2 Environmental Lapse Rates (ELR)8.3 Thermodynamic Diagrams8.4 Stability Types8.5 Factors Influencing Stability8.6 Stability Conditions over a Clear Day9. Condensation9.1 Formation of Cloud Droplets9.2 Nucleation below Freezing9.3 Clouds9.4 Fogs10. Precipitation10.1 Cloud Droplets versus Raindrops10.2 Terminal Velocity10.3 Growth of Cloud Droplets10.4 Precipitation Types10.5 Hail10.6 Snow-Making10.7 The Distribution and Character of Precipitation11. Winds11.1 Forces That Influence Atmospheric Motion11.2 The Winds11.3 Variation of the Winds with Height: The Thermal Wind11.4 Local Winds12. The Planetary Circulation System12.1 Transport of Energy and Momentum12.2 Descriptions of the Planetary Circulation12.3 Explanations for the Planetary Circulation12.4 Vorticity12.5 Rossby Waves12.6 Ocean Currents12.7 Climate Oscillations13. Air Masses and Fronts13.1 Formation of Air Masses13.2 Classification of Air Masses13.3 Cold Air Masses13.4 Warm Air Masses13.5 Fronts13.6 The Structure of Fronts13.7 Weather Associated With Cold and Warm Fronts13.8 Occluded Fronts14. Storms14.1 Characteristics of High- and Low-Pressure Systems14.2 Mid-latitude Cyclones14.3 Tropical Cyclones: Hurricanes14.4 Thunderstorms15. Weather Forecasting15.1 The Forecasting Process15.2 Forecasting Methods15.3 The History of Weather Forecasting15.4 Observations15.5 Analysis and Diagnosis15.6 Numerical Weather Predication15.7 Long-Range Forecasting16. Global Climate16.1 Climate Controls16.2 Vegetation and Climate16.3 Climate Classification16.4 Tropical Climates16.5 Mid-latitude Climates16.6 Polar Climates16.7 Natural Climate Change17. The Changing Atmosphere17.1 Air Pollution17.2 Depletion of Stratospheric Ozone17.3 Anthropogenic Climate Change17.4 Chapter SummaryAppendixGlossaryIndex

Editorial Reviews

"I very much appreciate the explicit Canadian focus and content. . . . I also like the level and amount of math that is present, and the worked examples that aid student comprehension of the math." --David E. Atkinson, University of Victoria