Welfare Regimes and the Experience of Unemployment in Europe

Paperback | May 1, 2000

EditorDuncan Gallie, Serge Paugam

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The book is the first major study to examine the implications of differences in welfare regimes for the experience of unemployment in Europe. It is concerned with three central questions about the way such regimes affect the experience of unemployment. The first is how far they protect thequality of life of unemployed people with respect to living standards and the experience of financial hardship. The second is their role in mediating the impact of unemployment on the individual's longer-term position in the labour market, addressing the issue of how far they help to preventprogressive marginalization from the employment structure as a result of motivational change, skill loss or the growth of discriminatory barriers. The third is how far such regimes mediate the impact of unemployment on social integration in the community, for instance with respect to the maintenance(or rupture) of social networks and the degree of psychological distress experienced by the unemployed. The book is the product of a major cross-cultural research programme, funded by the European Union (TSER), bringing together teams from eight countries. The emphasis has been on rigorous comparison rather than the all-too-frequent separate country analyses, which usually provide data which differsin format from one country to another. In addition to a systematic comparison of national data sources, it has been able to make use of a new important data source (the European Community Household Panel) produced by Eurostat which provides directly comparable information for all EU countries. The study shows that institutional and cultural differences have vital implications for the experience of unemployment. While welfare policies affect in an important way the pervasiveness of poverty, it is above all the patterns of family structure and the culture of sociability in a society thataffect vulnerability to social isolation. The book concludes by developing a new perspective for understanding the risk of social exclusion.

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The book is the first major study to examine the implications of differences in welfare regimes for the experience of unemployment in Europe. It is concerned with three central questions about the way such regimes affect the experience of unemployment. The first is how far they protect thequality of life of unemployed people with respe...

Duncan Gallie is Professor of Sociology at the University of Oxford. Serge Paugam is a Directeur at the CNRS and a member of the Laboratoire de sociologie quantitative, CREST, INSEE, France.

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Format:PaperbackPublished:May 1, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198297971

ISBN - 13:9780198297970

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Table of Contents

1. Duncan Gallie and Serge Paugam: The Experience of Unemployment in Europe: The DebatePART 1: UNEMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY2. Richard Hauser and Brian Nolan: Unemployment and Poverty: Change over Time3. Duncan Gallie, Sheila Jacobs and Serge Paugam: Poverty and Financial Hardship among the Unemployed4. Ivano Bison and Gosta Esping-Andersen: Unemployment and Income Packaging among European Youth5. Brian Nolan, Richard Hauser and Jean-Paul Zoyem: The Changing Effects of Social Protection on PovertyPART 2: UNEMPLOYMENT AND LABOUR MARKET MARGINALISATION6. Duncan Gallie and Susanne Alm: Unemployment, Gender and Attitudes to Work7. Philippe De Vreyer, Richard Layte, Maarten Wolbers and Azhar Hussain: The Permanent Effects of Labour Market Entry in Times of High Unemployment8. Richard Layte, Henrik Levin, Azhar Hussain and Maarten Wolbers: Unemployment and Cumulative Disadvantage in the Labour Market9. Lisbeth Pedersen, Hanne Weise, Sheila Jacobs and Michael White: Poverty and the Employment of Lone Mothers10. # Paolo Barbieri, with Serge Paugam and Helen Russell: Social Capital and Exits from Unemployment11. Fabrizio Bernardi, Richard Layte, Antonio Schizzerotto and Sheila Jacobs: Who Exits Unemployment? Institutional Features, Individual Characteristics and Chances of Getting a Job. A Comparison of Britain and ItalyPART 3 : UNEMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION12. Serge Paugam and Helen Russell: The Effects of Employment Precarity and Unemployment on Social Isolation13. Paul M. de Graaf and Wout C. Ultee: United in Employment, United in Unemployment? Employment and Unemployment of Couples in the European Union14. Christopher Whelan and Frances McGinnity: Unemployment and Psychological Well-Being15. Helen Russell and Paolo Barbieri: Gender and the Experience of Unemployment16. Torben Fridberg and Niels Ploug: Public Attitudes to Unemployment in Different Welfare RegimesCONCLUSIONDuncan Gallie and Serge Paugam: The Social Regulation of Unemployment

Editorial Reviews

`an invaluable and authoritative source for those with an interest in the parameters of unemployment in Europe'Chris Pierson, Political Studies, Vol.49, No.1,