What's Wrong? Applied Ethicists and Their Critics by David BooninWhat's Wrong? Applied Ethicists and Their Critics by David Boonin

What's Wrong? Applied Ethicists and Their Critics

byDavid Boonin, Graham Oddie

Paperback | February 2, 2009

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What's Wrong?: Applied Ethicists and Their Critics is a thorough and engaging introduction to applied ethics that covers virtually all of the issues in the field. Featuring more than ninety-five articles, it addresses standard topics - such as abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, worldhunger, and animal rights - and also delves into cutting-edge areas like cloning, racial profiling, same-sex marriage, prostitution, and slave reparations. The volume includes seminal essays by prominent philosophers (Robert Nozick, James Rachels, Peter Singer, and Judith Jarvis Thomson) alongsidework by newer voices in the field. Employing a unique approach to teaching argumentation, editors David Boonin and Graham Oddie unify the wealth of material presented in this collection. Each chapter opens with a featured article that takes a strong stand on a particular issue; the essays that immediately follow offer objections andcritical responses to the arguments put forth in the featured selection. This format helps students learn how to better engage in debates because it illustrates how philosophers argue with each other. In addition, a general introduction describes strategies for understanding and evaluating thedifferent types of arguments contained in the readings, while detailed chapter introductions enable students to see precisely how the arguments presented in the various writings are related to one another. Discussion questions and suggestions for further reading are included for each chapter. Idealfor courses in introduction to ethics and applied ethics/contemporary moral problems, What's Wrong? can also be used in critical thinking courses that emphasize philosophical argumentation.
David Boonin is Associate Professor of Philosophy. Graham Oddie is Professor of Philosophy and Associate Dean of Arts and Humanities. Both are at the University of Colorado, Boulder.
Title:What's Wrong? Applied Ethicists and Their CriticsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:640 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:February 2, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

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ISBN - 10:0195337808

ISBN - 13:9780195337808

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Table of Contents

*=New to this editionAcknowledgmentsIntroduction: What's Wrong with Arguing?Part 1. What's Wrong With Killing?1. Is Killing in War Wrong?Fullinwider and His Critics:Robert K. Fullinwider, "War and Innocence"Critics:Lawrence A. Alexander, "Self-Defense and the Killing of Noncombatants: A Reply to Fullinwider"2. Is Euthanasia Wrong?Rachels and His Critics:James Rachels, "Active and Passive Euthanasia"Critics:Winston Nesbitt, "Is Killing No Worse Than Letting Die?"Roy W. Perrett, "Killing, Letting Die, and the Bare Difference Argument"3. Is Abortion Wrong?Marquis and His Critics:Don Marquis, "Why Abortion Is Immoral"Critics:Gerald H. Paske, "Abortion and the Neo-Natal Right to Life: A Critique of Marquis's Futurist Argument"Peter K. McInerne, "Does a Fetus Already Have a Future-Like-Ours?"Thomson and Her Critics:Judith Jarvis Thomson, "A Defense of Abortion"Critics:Baruch Brody, "Thomson on Abortion"Francis J. Beckwith, "Arguments from Bodily Rights: A Critical Analysis"4. Is Killing Nonhuman Animals Wrong?Regan and His Critics:Tom Regan, "The Case for Animal RightsJan Narveson, "On a Case for Animal Rights"R. G. Frey, "Why Animals Lack Beliefs and Desires"R. G. Frey, "The Case Against Animal Rights"Alan White, Rights"5. Is Failing to Contribute to Famine Relief Wrong?Singer and His Critics:Peter Singer, "Famine, Affluence, and Morality"Critics:John Arthur, "World Hunger and Moral Obligation: The Case Against Singer"Michael Slote, "Famine, Affluence, and Empathy"Part 2. What's Wrong With Sex?6. Is Homosexuality Wrong?Levin and His Critics:Michael Levin, "Why Homosexuality Is Abnormal"Critics:Timothy F. Murphy, "Homosexuality and Nature: Happiness and the Law at Stake"7. Is "Outing" Homosexuals Wrong?Mohr and His Critics:Richard D. Mohr, "The Case for Outing"Critics:James S. Stramel, "Outing, Ethics, and Politics: A Reply to Mohr"David J. Mayo and Martin Gunderson, "Privacy and the Ethics of Outing"8. Is Adultery Wrong?Wasserstrom and His Critics:Richard Wasserstrom, "Is Adultery Immoral?"Critics:Bonnie Steinbock, "Adultery"Don Marquis, "What's Wrong with Adultery?9. Is Antioch's "Sexual Offense Policy" Wrong?Soble and His Critics:Alan Soble, "Antioch's 'Sexual Offense Policy': A Philosophical Exploration"Critics:Eva Feder Kittay, "AH! My Foolish Heart: A Reply to Soble's 'Antioch's "Sexual Offense Policy": A Philosophical Exploration'"10. Is Prostitution Wrong?Ericsson and His Critics:Lars O. Ericsson, "Charges Against Prostitution: An Attempt at a Philosophical Assessment"Critics:Carole Pateman, "Defending Prostitution: Charges Against Ericsson"Laurie Shrage, "Should Feminists Oppose Prostitution?"Karen Green, "Prostitution, Exploitation, and Taboo"Part 3. What's Wrong With the Family?11. Is the Traditional Family Wrong?Sommers and Her Critics:Christina Hoff Sommers, "Philosophers Against the Family"Critics:Claudia Mills, "The Ties That Bind: Duties to Family Members"12. Is Neglecting One's Parents Wrong?English and Her Critics:Jane English, "What Do Grown Children Owe Their Parents?"Critics:Nicholas Dixon, "The Friendship Model of Filial Obligations"13. Is Same-Sex Marriage Wrong?Jordan and His Critics:Jeff Jordan, "Is It Wrong to Discriminate on the Basis of Homosexuality?"Critics:David Boonin, "Same-Sex Marriage and the Argument from Public Disagreement"Andrew Sullivan, "Virtually Normal: An Argument About Homosexuality"14. Is Licensing Parents Wrong?LaFollette and His Critics:Hugh LaFollette, "Licensing Parents"Critics:Lawrence E. Frisch, "On Licentious Licensing: A Reply to Hugh LaFollette"Pierre Lemieux, "Parent Licensing"15. Is Commercial Surrogate Motherhood Wrong?Anderson and Her Critics:Elizabeth S. Anderson, "Is Women's Labor a Commodity?"Critics:Richard J. Arneson, "Commodification and Commercial Surrogacy"Alan Wertheimer, "Two Questions About Surrogacy and Exploitation"16. * Is Causing Overpopulation Wrong?Parfit and His Critics:* Derek Parfit, "Overpopulation and the Quality of Life" Critics:* Thomas Hurka, "Value and Population Size"* Don Locke, "The Parfit Population Problem"Part 4. What's Wrong With Race Relations?17. Are Reparations for Slavery Wrong?Horowitz and His Critics:David Horowitz, "Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Blacks Is a Bad Idea for Blacks--and Racist, Too!"Robert Chrisman and Ernest Allen, Jr., "Ten Reasons: A Response to David Horowitz"Randall Robinson, "America's Debt to Blacks"18. Is Affirmative Action Wrong?Himma and His Critics:* Kenneth Einar Himma, "Discrimination and Disidentification: The Fair-Start Defense of Affirmative Action* Lisa Newton, "A Fair Defense of a False Start: A Reply to Kenneth Himma"19. * Are Campus Hate Speech Codes Wrong?Meyers and Her Critics:* Diana Tietjens Meyers, "Rights in Collision: A Non-Punitive, Compensatory Remedy for Abusive Speech"Critics:* Thomas W. Peard, "Diana Tietjens Meyers's Remedy for Abusive Speech: Objections"20. * Are Hate Crime Laws Wrong?Wellman and His Critics:* Christopher Heath Wellman, "A Defense of Stiffer Penalties for Hate Crimes"Critics* Heid m. Hurd, "Why Liberals Should Hate 'Hate Crime Legislation'"21. Does Racial Discrimination Make Capital Punishment Wrong?Nathanson and His CriticsStephen Nathanson, "Does It Matter If the Death Penalty is Arbitrarily Administered?"CriticsErnest van den Haag, "Refuting Nathanson"22. Is Racial Profiling Wrong?Levin and His Critics:Michael Levin, "Responses to Race Differences in Crime"Critics:Laurence Thomas, "Statistical Badness"Louis P. Pojman, "Race and Crime: A Response to Michael Levin and Laurence Thomas"Part 5. What's Wrong With the State?23. Is a Government Ban on Human Cloning Wrong?* President's Council on Bioethics, "Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry"Critics:David Elliott, "Uniqueness, Individuality, and Human Cloning"David B. Hershenov, "An Argument for Limited Human Cloning"24. Is a Government Ban on Tobacco Wrong?Goodin and His Critics:Robert Goodin, "No Smoking"Critics:Daniel Shapiro, "Smoking Tobacco: Irrationality, Addiction, and Paternalism"Graham Oddie, "Addiction and the Value of Freedom"25. Is Legal Punishment Wrong?Barnett and His Critics:Randy E. Barnett, "Restitution: A New Paradigm of Criminal Justice"Critics:Franklin G. Miller, "Restitution and Punishment: A Reply to Barnett"Roger Pilon, "Criminal Remedies: Restitution, Punishment, or Both?"Stanley S. Kleinberg, "Criminal Justice and Private Enterprise"26. * Is Issuing Warrants to Torture Suspected Terrorists Wrong?Dershowitz and His Critics:* Elaine Scarry, "Five Errors in the Reasoning of Alan Dershowitz"* Alan Dershowitz, "Reply to Scarry"27. Is Redistributive Taxation Wrong?Nozick and His Critics:Robert Nozick, "Distributive Justice"Critics:Alan H. Goodman, "The Entitlement Theory of Distributive Justice"28. * Is Ignoring Global Warming Wrong?Traxler and His Critics:* Martino Traxler, "Fair Chore Division for Climate Change"Critics:* Stephen Gardiner, "Ethics and Global Climate Change"

Editorial Reviews

"What's Wrong? presents applied ethics at its finest. Boonin and Oddie have collected an ideal assortment of compact, well-argued papers on an impressive range of issues. Additionally, they provide outstanding section introductions throughout. I recommend this volume with enthusiasm."--Ted A. Warfield, University of Notre Dame "Excellent selection of readings--perfect for an introduction to ethics course. The inclusion of materials on the family, smoking tobacco, criminalizing blackmail, and other non-standard applied ethics topics makes this a unique text in the field."--Eric Rovie, Webster University