When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods by Mark A. PollackWhen Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods by Mark A. Pollack

When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

byMark A. Pollack, Gregory C. Shaffer

Paperback | June 20, 2009

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The transatlantic dispute over genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has brought into conflict the United States and the European Union, two long-time allies and economically interdependent democracies with a long record of successful cooperation. Yet the dispute - pitting a largely acceptantUS against an EU deeply suspicious of GMOs - has developed into one of the most bitter and intractable transatlantic and global conflicts, resisting efforts at negotiated resolution and resulting in a bitterly contested legal battle before the World Trade Organization. Professors Pollack and Shaffer investigate the obstacles to reconciling regulatory differences among nations through international cooperation, through the lens of the GMO dispute. The book addresses the dynamic interactions of domestic law and politics, transnational networks, internationalregimes, and global markets, through a theoretically grounded and empirically comprehensive analysis of the governance of GM foods and crops. They demonstrate that the deeply politicized, entrenched and path-dependent nature of the regulation of GMOs in the US and the EU has fundamentally shapednegotiations and decision-making at the international level, limiting the prospects for deliberation and providing incentives for both sides to engage in hard bargaining and to "shop" for favorable international forums. They then assess the impacts, and the limits, of international pressures ondomestic US and European law, politics and business practice, which have remained strikingly resistant to change. International cooperation in areas like GMO regulation, the authors conclude, must overcome multiple obstacles, legal and political, domestic and international. Any effective response to this persistent dispute, they argue, must recognize both the obstacles to successful cooperation, and theoptions that remain for each side when cooperation fails.
Mark A. Pollack is Associate Professor of Political Science at Temple University, where he teaches classes in international relations and European Union politics. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1995. He has also taught at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (1995-2004) and was Senior Research Fellow in the transatla...
Title:When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified FoodsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:456 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.04 inPublished:June 20, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199567050

ISBN - 13:9780199567058

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Table of Contents

List of TablesAcronymsAcknowledgements1. Introduction and Overview: Biotechnology, Risk Regulation, and the Failure of Cooperation2. The Domestic Sources of the Conflict: Why the US and EU Biotech Regulatory Regimes Differ3. The Promise and Failure of Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation through Networks4. Deliberation or Bargaining? Distributive Conflict and the Fragmented International Regime Complex5. WTO Dispute Settlement Meets GMOs: Who Decides?6. US and EU Policies Since 2000: Change, Continuity and (Lack of) Convergence7. Conclusions: The Lessons of Transatlantic Conflict, Developing Countries and the Future of Agricultural BiotechnologyReferencesIndex