When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage by Karisa Cloward

When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

byKarisa Cloward

Paperback | March 16, 2016

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Many transnational campaigns, and particularly the transnational campaign on violence against women, promote international norms that target the behavior of local nonstate actors. But these international norms are often at odds with local practices. What happens when the international andlocal norms collide? When does transnational activism lead individuals and communities to abandon local norms and embrace international ones? In When Norms Collide, Karisa Cloward presents a path-breaking theoretical framework for understanding the processes by which individuals negotiate competing demands placed on them by international and local norms. Drawing on extensive fieldwork with local communities in Kenya, she applies thetheory to the practices of female genital mutilation and early marriage. Cloward argues that, when faced with international normative messages, individuals can decide to change their attitudes, their behavior, and the public image they present to international and local audiences. Moreover, theimpact of transnational activism on individuals substantially depends on the salience of the international and local norms to their respective proponents, as well as on community-level factors.

About The Author

Karisa Cloward is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Southern Methodist University.

Details & Specs

Title:When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early MarriageFormat:PaperbackDimensions:336 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:March 16, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190274921

ISBN - 13:9780190274924

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Table of Contents

List of Figures and TablesAcknowledgments1. Introduction2. A Theory of Local-Level Responses to International Norm Promotion3. FGM and Early Marriage in Kenya4. Creating Local Awareness of International Norms5. Fostering Local Attitude Change6. Facilitating Local Primary Behavior Change7. Explaining Local Misrepresentation of Normative Commitments8. ConclusionAppendixNotesBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

"A large body of literature has looked at how international norms influence states and firms. Karisa Cloward's book is a carefully designed and systematic study of how international norms regarding women's rights can influence local norms within society. Taking three Maa-speaking communitiesin Kenya as case studies, she examines micro-level processes to show how individuals respond to competing international and local norms. The book has far reaching implications for activists, scholars, donors, NGOs, international development agencies, and others interested in how changes in women'srights norms occur." --Aili Mari Tripp, Professor of Political Science and Gender and Women's Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison