Who Needs Emotions?: The Brain Meets the Robot

Hardcover | March 22, 2005

EditorJean-Marc Fellous, Michael A. Arbib

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The idea that some day robots may have emotions has captured the imagination of many and has been dramatized by robots and androids in such famous movies as 2001 Space Odyssey's HAL or Star Trek's Data. By contrast, the editors of this book have assembled a panel of experts in neuroscienceand artificial intelligence who have dared to tackle the issue of whether robots can have emotions from a purely scientific point of view. The study of the brain now usefully informs study of the social, communicative, adaptive, regulatory, and experimental aspects of emotion and offers support forthe idea that we exploit our own psychological responses in order to feel others' emotions. The contributors show the many ways in which the brain can be analyzed to shed light on emotions. Fear, reward, and punishment provide structuring concepts for a number of investigations. Neurochemistryreveals the ways in which different "neuromodulators" such as serotonin, dopamine, and opioids can affect the emotional valence of the brain. And studies of different regions such as the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex provide a view of the brain as a network of interacting subsystems. Relatedstudies in artificial intelligence and robotics are discussed and new multi-level architectures are proposed that make it possible for emotions to be implemented. It is now an accepted task in robotics to build robots that perceive human expressions of emotion and can "express" simulated emotionsto ease interactions with humans. Looking towards future innovations, some scientists posit roles for emotion with our fellow humans. All of these issues are covered in this timely and stimulating book which is written for researchers and graduated students in neuroscience, cognitive science,psychology, robotics, and artificial intelligence.

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The idea that some day robots may have emotions has captured the imagination of many and has been dramatized by robots and androids in such famous movies as 2001 Space Odyssey's HAL or Star Trek's Data. By contrast, the editors of this book have assembled a panel of experts in neuroscienceand artificial intelligence who have dared to ...

Jean-Marc Fellous is at Salk Institute for Biological Studies. Michael A. Arbib is at University of Southern California.

other books by Jean-Marc Fellous

Format:HardcoverDimensions:416 pages, 6.3 × 9.29 × 1.1 inPublished:March 22, 2005Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195166191

ISBN - 13:9780195166194

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Table of Contents

I PERSPECTIVE1 "Edison" and "Russel": Definitions Versus Inventions in the Analysis of Emotion. Jean-Marc Fellous and Michael A. Arbib: 2. Ralph Adolphs: Could a Robot have emotions? Theoretical Perspectives from Social Cognitive NeuroscienceII BRAINS3. Ann E. Kelley: Neurchemical Networks Encoding Emotion and Motivation: An Evolutionary Perspective4. Jean-Marc Fellous and Joseph E. Ledoux: Towards Basic Principles for Emotional Processing: What the Fearful Brain Tells the Robot5. Edmond T. Rolls: What are Emotions, Why do we Have Emotions, and What is Their Computational Basis in the Brain?6. Marc Jeannerod: How Do We Decipher Others' Minds?III ROBOTS7. Anrew Ortony, Donald A. Norman, and William Revelle: Affect and Proto-affect in Effective Functioning8. Aaron Sloman, Ron Chrisley, and Matthias Scheutz: The Architectural Basis of Affective States and Processes9. Ronald C. Arkin: Moving Up the Food Chain: Motivation and Emotion in Behavior-based Robots10. Cynthia Breazeal and Rodney Brooks: Robot Emotions: A Functional Perspective11. Ranjit Nair, Milind Tambe, and Stacy Marsella: The Role of Emotions in Multiagent TeamworkIV CONCLUSIONS12. Michael A. Arbib: Beware the Passionate Robot

Editorial Reviews

"...this book is an important contribution to the emerging field of emotional neurotechnology. It is a stimulating collection that is well edited and researched."--The Lancet-Neurology