Who Needs Migrant Workers?: Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy

Paperback | June 17, 2012

EditorMartin Ruhs, Bridget Anderson

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Are migrant workers needed to 'do the jobs that locals will not do' or are they simply a more exploitable labour force? Do they have a better 'work ethic' or are they less able to complain? Is migrant labour the solution to 'skills shortages' or actually part of the problem? This book providesa comprehensive framework for analysing the demand for migrant workers in high-income countries. It demonstrates how a wide range of government policies, often unrelated to migration, contribute to creating a growing demand for migrant labour. This demand can persist even during economic downturns. The book includes quantitative and qualitative analyses of the changing role of migrants in the UK economy. The empirical chapters include in-depth examinations of the nature of staff shortages and the use of migrant workers in six sectors:health; social care; hospitality; food production; construction; and financial services.The book's conceptual framework and empirical findings are of importance to academic and policy debates about labour immigration in all high-income countries. The final chapter presents a comparative analysis of research and policy approaches to assessing labour shortages in the UK and the US. Itexamines the potential lessons of the UK's Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) for current debates about labour shortages and immigration reform in the US. The book will be of significant interest to policy-makers, stakeholders, academics and students.

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From the Publisher

Are migrant workers needed to 'do the jobs that locals will not do' or are they simply a more exploitable labour force? Do they have a better 'work ethic' or are they less able to complain? Is migrant labour the solution to 'skills shortages' or actually part of the problem? This book providesa comprehensive framework for analysing the...

Martin Ruhs' research focuses on the economics and politics of labour immigration, with a strong international comparative dimension. Recent publications include 'Economic Research and Labour Immigration Policy' and 'Semi-compliance and illegality in migrant labour markets.' Martin is a member of the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC)...

other books by Martin Ruhs

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:352 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:June 17, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199653615

ISBN - 13:9780199653614

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Table of Contents

1. Martin Ruhs and Bridget Anderson: Introduction2. Bridget Anderson and Martin Ruhs: Migrant workers: who needs them? A framework for the analysis of shortages, immigration, and public policyCommentary by Ken Mayhew3. Vanna Aldin, Dan James and Jonathan Wadsworth: The changing shares of migrant labour in different sectors and occupation in the UK economy: An overview4. Stephen Bach: Achieving a self-sufficient workforce? The utilization of migrant labour in healthcareCommentary by Robert Elliott5. Jo Moriarty: Competing with myths: migrant labour in social careCommentary by Alessio Cangiano6. Rosemary Lucas and Steven Mansfield: The use of migrant labour in the hospitality sector: current and future implicationsCommentary by Linda McDowell7. Andrew Geddes and Sam Scott: UK food businesses' reliance on low-wage migrant labour: A case of choice or constraint?Commentary by Ben Rogaly8. Paul Chan, Linda Clarke and Andy Dainty: The dynamics of migrant employment in construction: Can supply of skilled labour ever match demand?Commentary by Howard Gospel9. Andrew Jones: Immigration and the UK labour market in financial services: A case of conflicting policy challenges?Commentary by Jonathan Beaverstock10. Philip Martin: A need for migrant labour? UK-US comparisons

Editorial Reviews

"Who Needs Migrant Workers? presents both a rigorous analytical methodology to measure labor shortages and a practical conceptual framework to assess whether migrants should be imported to fill those shortages Who Needs Migrant Workers? is must reading for all who are interested in thisimportant subject." --Ray Marshall, US Secretary of Labor and Emeritus, University of Texas