Winchester Studies 9.i: The People of Early Winchester

Hardcover | March 17, 2017

EditorCaroline M. Stuckert

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This volume traces the lives, health, and diseases of Winchester's inhabitants as seen in their skeletal remains from the mid-third century to the mid-sixteenth century, a period of over 1,300 years. Although the populations of other British urban areas, York and London in particular, havebeen studied over an extended period, this volume is unique in providing a continuous chronological window, rather than a series of isolated studies. It is particularly notable for the large sample of Anglo-Saxon burials dated to the 8th - 10th centuries, which provide a bridge between the earlierRomano-British material and the later medieval samples.This study includes information on demography, physical characteristics, dental health, disease, and trauma collected from over 2,000 skeletons excavated from the Roman Cemetery at Lankhills and the Anglo-Saxon and medieval cemeteries of the Old and New Minster and Winchester Cathedral, as well asother Early Anglo-Saxon sites in neighbouring areas of Hampshire. The study establishes the underlying continuity of the population in spite of massive culture change between the Roman and Early Saxon periods, and delineates the increasing tendency to rounder skulls seen in the medieval period, atrend which is found in continental Europe at the same time. There were also significant differences through time in disease patterns and trauma. Leprosy, for example, is found only in post-Roman skeletons, while decapitations are seen only in Roman skeletons. Weapons injuries are confined toAnglo-Saxon and medieval individuals, although broken bones were common during the Roman period.

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This volume traces the lives, health, and diseases of Winchester's inhabitants as seen in their skeletal remains from the mid-third century to the mid-sixteenth century, a period of over 1,300 years. Although the populations of other British urban areas, York and London in particular, havebeen studied over an extended period, this volu...

Caroline M. Stuckert (Connie) holds a B. A. in history from Bryn Mawr College, and an M. A. in physical anthropology and Ph. D. in archaeology and physical anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania. She has taught at Muhlenberg College and the University of Pennsylvania. Her research interests center on the British Isles from th...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:496 pages, 10.98 × 8.5 × 0.98 inPublished:March 17, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198131704

ISBN - 13:9780198131700

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Table of Contents

List of illustrationsList of tablesList of abbreviationsList of referencesPart 1 IntroductionMartin Biddle and Birthe Kjolbye-Biddle: 1. Introduction2. Concept3. The origin, growth, and completion of this study4. The outcome: a summaryPart 2 Romano-British Populations from Lankhills and other cemeteries in WinchesterCaroline M. Stuckert: 1. Introduction2. Demography3. Physical characteristics4. Dentition5. Pathology6. J. L. Macdonald: Lankhills decapitations revisited7. Catalogue of the burials from the Lankhills 1967-72 excavationsPart 3 The transition from Romano-British to early Anglo-Saxon in HampshireCaroline M. Stuckert: 1. Introduction2. Archaeological background: the Early Anglo-Saxon sites3. Demography4. Physical characteristics5. Dentition6. DiscussionPart 4 Anglo-Saxon and medieval populations from the old and new minster and cathedral cemeteries Theya Molleson, Rosemary Powers, John Price, and Pauline Sheppard: 1. Introduction2. Demography3. Physical variation4. Discontinuous variation and congenital anomalies5. Dental health6. General health7. Injuries8. ConclusionsPart 5 The population of Winchester: A millennium of continuity and changeCaroline M. Stuckert: 1. Introduction2. Population continuity and change3. Health and lifestyle4. DiscussionMartin Biddle and Birthe Kjolbye-Biddle, with a contribution by Sue Browne: Appendix A: Other burial groups found 1961-71Caroline M. Stuckert: Appendix B: Statistical methods of determining sex developed for the study of the Hampshire Romano-British and Early Anglo-Saxon skeletal samplesCaroline M. Stuckert: Appendix C: Grave concordance: Anglo-Saxon and Medieval burials from the Old Minster and Cathedral cemeteriesAppendix D: Glossary