Wind Power: Politics and Policy

Hardcover | November 12, 2014

byScott Valentine

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The wind power development policy community faces a conundrum. On the one hand, as the most commercially viable form of utility-scale renewable energy, the wind power industry has experienced in excess of ten-fold growth in total installed capacity over the past decade. On the other hand,installed wind power capacity still accounts for less than 2% of global electricity-generation capacity, despite the prevalence of studies indicating that, in certain situations, wind power can be a cheaper form of electricity than most fossil fuel alternatives. Accordingly, the most puzzling aspectof wind power development policy can be summed up in the following manner: given the global imperative to facilitate an expedient transition away from CO2-intensive energy technologies and the commercial viability of wind power, what is stopping the wind power industry from capturing higher marketshares around the world?In Wind Power Politics and Policy, Scott Valentine examines this question from two angles. First, it presents an analysis of social, technical, economic and political (STEP) barriers which research shows tends to stymie wind power development. Case studies which examine phlegmatic wind powerdevelopment in Japan, Taiwan, Australia and Canada are presented in order to demonstrate to the reader how these barriers manifest themselves in practice. Second, the book presents an analysis of STEP catalysts which have been linked to successful growth of wind power capacity in select nations.Four more case studies that examine the successful development of wind power in Denmark, Germany, the USA and China are put forth as practical examples of how supportive factors conflate to produce conditions that are conducive to growth of wind power markets. By examining its impediments andcatalysts, the book will provide policymakers with insight into the types of factors that must be effectively managed in order to maximize wind power development.

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The wind power development policy community faces a conundrum. On the one hand, as the most commercially viable form of utility-scale renewable energy, the wind power industry has experienced in excess of ten-fold growth in total installed capacity over the past decade. On the other hand,installed wind power capacity still accounts for...

Scott Valentine is Assistant Director of the International Master of Public Policy program at the University of Tokyo`s Graduate School of Public Policy, where he teaches and researches in Public Management, Academic Research, International Energy Policy and Climate Change Politics and Policy.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:384 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:November 12, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199862729

ISBN - 13:9780199862726

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Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION: THE GLOBAL IMPERATIVE1.1 THE GLOBAL IMPERATIVE1. 2 ENERGY AND THE GLOBAL IMPERATIVE1. 3 ELECTRICITY AND THE GLOBAL IMPERATIVE1.3.1 Electricity Generation Technologies1.3.2 The Dynamics of Electricity Prices1.4 ENERGY MARKET CHANGE and INDUSTRIALIZED NATIONS1.4.1 Convergence and Alternative Energy1.4.2 The Need for Speed1.5 ENERGY MARKET CHANGE and DEVELOPING NATIONS1.5.1 Economic Considerations1.5.2 Economic Security Considerations1.5.3 Economic Empowerment1.5.4 Social Considerations1.5.5 The Need for Speed1.6 WHEN FORCES FOR SPEED MEET THE NEED FOR SPEED1.7 THE DICHOTOMY OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY1.8 OBJECTIVES AND OUTLINE OF THIS BOOK2. UNDERSTANDING WIND POWER SYSTEMS2.1 THE IMPORTANCE OF UNDERSTANDING WIND POWER SYSTEMS2.2 FEATURES OF WIND POWER SYSTEMS2.2.1 Main Components of a Wind System2.2.2 Innovation and Cost2.2.3 Delivering Wind Power to the Grid2.3 WIND POWER MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES2.3.1 The Challenge of Matching Supply and Demand2.3.2 Stochastic flows2.4 ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS AND REALITIES2.5 IMPAIRMENT OF EXISTING COMMUNITY ENDOWMENTS2.5.1 Separating Perception from Fact2.5.2 Perceptions Improve2.5.3 Aesthetic Concerns Overshadow All Others2.5.4 Beyond NIMBY Opposition2.5.5 Overall Lessons in Regard to Community Opposition2.5.6 Government Agency Opposition2.6 IMPAIRMENT OF EXISTING ECOSYSTEMS2.6.1 Bird Mortality2.6.2 The Challenge of Estimating Bird Mortality2.6.3 Degradation of Animal Habitat2.6.4 Offshore Wind Farms and Ecological Concerns2.6.5 The Importance of Environmental Impact Assessments2.6.6 Aesthetics2.7 CONCLUSION3. THE POLICY SET MODEL3.1 THE VALUE OF A COMMON ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK3.2 THE SEAMLESS WEB3.3 COMPLEX ADAPTIVE MARKET THEORY IN WIND POWER MARKET ANALYSIS3.4 STEP ANALYSIS3.5 THE POLITICAL SET MODEL3.6 THE POLITICAL SET MODEL AND THE CASE STUDIES3.7 TYING THEORY TO THE POLITICAL SET MODEL4. Wind Power in Denmark4.1 INTRODUCTION4.2 AN OVERVIEW OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN DENMARK4.3 HISTORY OF WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN DENMARK4.4 UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FORCES FOR CHANGE4.4.1 Socio-Cultural Landscape4.4.2 Economic landscape4.4.3 Technological landscape4.5 INFLUENCES ON GOVERNMENT POLICY4.5.1 Socio-Cultural ... Political4.5.2 Economic ... Political4.5.3 Technological ... Political4.6 POLITICAL INFLUENCES ON POLICY4.6.1 National political structure4.6.2 Governing party ideology4.6.3 Fiscal health4.6.4 Policy regime4.7 THE CULMINATION OF INFLUENCES4.8 WHAT TO EXPECT GOING FORWARD5. Wind Power in Germany5.1 INTRODUCTION5.2 AN OVERVIEW OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN GERMANY5.3 HISTORY OF WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN GERMANY5.4 UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FORCES FOR CHANGE5.4.1 Socio-Cultural Landscape5.4.2 Economic landscape5.4.3 Technological landscape5.5 INFLUENCES ON GOVERNMENT POLICY5.5.1 Socio-Cultural ... Political5.5.2 Economic ... Political5.5.3 Technological ... Political5.6 POLITICAL INFLUENCES ON POLICY5.6.1 National political structure5.6.2 Governing party ideology5.6.3 Fiscal health5.6.4 Policy regime5.7 THE CULMINATION OF INFLUENCES5.8 WHAT TO EXPECT GOING FORWARD6. Wind Power in China6.1 INTRODUCTION6.2 AN OVERVIEW OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN CHINA6.3 HISTORY OF WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA6.4 UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FORCES FOR CHANGE6.4.1 Socio-Cultural Landscape6.4.2 Economic landscape6.4.3 Technological landscape6.5 INFLUENCES ON GOVERNMENT POLICY6.5.1 Socio-Cultural ... Political6.5.2 Economic ... Political6.5.3 Technological ... Political6.6 POLITICAL INFLUENCES ON POLICY6.6.1 National political structure6.6.2 Governing party ideology6.6.3 Fiscal health6.6.4 Policy regime6.7 THE CULMINATION OF INFLUENCES6.8 WHAT TO EXPECT GOING FORWARD7. Wind Power in the United States7.1 INTRODUCTION7.2 AN OVERVIEW OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN THE USA7.3 HISTORY OF WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN THE USA7.4 UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FORCES FOR CHANGE7.4.1 Socio-Cultural Landscape7.4.2 Economic landscape7.4.3 Technological landscape7.5 INFLUENCES ON GOVERNMENT POLICY7.5.1 Socio-Cultural ... Political7.5.2 Economic ... Political7.5.3 Technological ... Political7.6 POLITICAL INFLUENCES ON POLICY7.6.1 National political structure7.6.2 Governing party ideology7.6.3 Fiscal health7.6.4 Policy regime7.7 THE CULMINATION OF INFLUENCES7.7.1 Political ... Socio-cultural7.7.2 Political ... Economic7.7.3 Political ... Technological7.8 WHAT TO EXPECT GOING FORWARD8. Wind Power in Canada8.1 INTRODUCTION8.2 AN OVERVIEW OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN CANADA8.3 HISTORY OF WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN CANADA8.4 UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FORCES FOR CHANGE8.4.1 Socio-Cultural Landscape8.4.2 Economic landscape8.4.3 Technological landscape8.5 INFLUENCES ON GOVERNMENT POLICY8.5.1 Socio-Cultural ... Political8.5.2 Economic ... Political8.5.3 Technological ... Political8.6 POLITICAL INFLUENCES ON POLICY8.6.1 National political structure8.6.2 Governing party ideology8.6.3 Fiscal health8.6.4 Policy regime8.7 THE CULMINATION OF INFLUENCES8.7.1 Political ... Socio-cultural8.7.2 Political ... Economic8.7.3 Political ... Technological8.8 WHAT TO EXPECT GOING FORWARD9. Wind Power in Japan9.1 INTRODUCTION9.2 AN OVERVIEW OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN JAPAN9.3 HISTORY OF WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN JAPAN9.4 UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FORCES FOR CHANGE9.4.1 Socio-Cultural Landscape9.4.2 Economic landscape9.4.3 Technological landscape9.5 INFLUENCES ON GOVERNMENT POLICY9.5.1 Socio-Cultural ... Political9.5.2 Economic ... Political9.5.3 Technological ... Political9.6 POLITICAL INFLUENCES ON POLICY9.6.1 National political structure9.6.2 Governing party ideology9.6.3 Fiscal health9.6.4 Policy regime9.7 THE CULMINATION OF INFLUENCES9.7.1 Political ... Socio-cultural9.7.2 Political ... Economic9.7.3 Political ... Technological9.8 WHAT TO EXPECT GOING FORWARD10. Strategic Control over Wind Power Development Policy10.1 INTRODUCTION10.2 INFLUENTIAL SOCIAL FACTORS10.3 INFLUENTIAL TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS10.4 INFLUENTIAL ECONOMIC FACTORS10.5 INFLUENTIAL POLITICAL FACTORS10.6 CONCLUDING THOUGHTS11. Applied Policymaking11.1 POLICY FORMULATION11.2 UNDERSTANDING SYSTEM DYNAMICS11.2.1 Economics is Still King11.2.2 Chain Reactions Can Be Partially Managed11.2.3 Favorable Conditions Still Need to Be Managed11.2.4 First Mover Advantages Exist11.2.5 Public Opposition Trumps Economic Impediments at High Levels of Installed Capacity11.3 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING ESSENTIALS11.3.1 Malleability11.3.2 Transparency and Broad Participation11.3.3 Strategic Balance11.3.4 Evolutionary Mindset11.4 AVENUES OF FURTHER RESEARCH AND CONCLUSION