Women in War: The Micro-processes of Mobilization in El Salvador by Jocelyn ViternaWomen in War: The Micro-processes of Mobilization in El Salvador by Jocelyn Viterna

Women in War: The Micro-processes of Mobilization in El Salvador

byJocelyn Viterna

Paperback | October 30, 2013

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Waging war has historically been an almost exclusively male endeavor. Yet, over the past several decades women have joined insurgent armies in significant and surprising numbers. Why do women become guerrilla insurgents? What experiences do they have in guerrilla armies? And what happens tothese women when the fighting ends?Women in War answers these questions while providing a rare look at guerrilla life from the viewpoint of rank-and-file participants. From 230 in-depth interviews with men and women guerrillas, guerrilla supporters, and non-participants in rural El Salvador, Jocelyn Viterna investigates why somewomen were able to channel their wartime actions into post-war gains, and how those patterns differ from the benefits that accrued to men. By accounting for these variations, Viterna helps resolve debates about the effects of war on women, and by extension, develops our nascent understanding of theeffects of women combatants on warfare, political violence, and gender systems. Women in War also develops a new model for investigating micro-level mobilization processes that has applications to many movement settings. Micro-level mobilization processes are often ignored in the social movement literature in favor of more macro- and meso-level analyses. Yet individuals whoshare the same macro-level context, and who are embedded in the same meso-level networks, often have strikingly different mobilization experiences. Only a portion are ever moved to activism, and those who do mobilize vary according to which paths they follow to mobilization, what skills and socialties they forge through participation, and whether they continue their political activism after the movement ends. By examining these individual variations, a micro theory of mobilization can extend the findings of macro- and meso-level analyses, and improve our understanding of how social movementsbegin, why they endure, and whether they change the societies they target.
Jocelyn Viterna is Associate Professor of Sociology at Harvard University.
Title:Women in War: The Micro-processes of Mobilization in El SalvadorFormat:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:October 30, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199843651

ISBN - 13:9780199843657

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Table of Contents

Preface1. Women in War2. Setting the Stage3. Micro-Level Processes of Mobilization4. Recruiting a Guerrilla Army5. Joining the Guerrillas6. Ranking the File7. Regulating Romance and Reproduction8. Demobilization, Remobilization, and Retrenchment9. Gender, Violence, and the Micro-Level Processes of MobilizationAppendicesNotesBibliographyIndex