Work and Pay in the United States and Japan by Clair Brown

Work and Pay in the United States and Japan

byClair Brown, Michael Reich, Lloyd Ulman

Hardcover | August 1, 1997

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Despite the recent economic problems experienced in Japan, its extraordinary long-term growth is partly the result of its sophisticated use of its workers to increase productivity. This book examines the employment system practiced widely in Japan and compares it to the system found most oftenin the US, considering how the two systems have evolved and how they have affected economic performance since World War II. The authors develop two basic models, one characterized by long-term job security, worker involvement with work practices, and continuous training or retraining of workers (the Japanese model), and one characterized by less job security, rigid job classifications, adversarial relations betweenmanagers and workers, and minimal training (the US model). The authors argue that these models are not qualitatively different and that there is no single best practice that yields the best performance. Alternative systems can produce equally good results, they contend, if the elements of workpractices at the firm level are integrated with governmental policies that complement those practices. Based on a large research project carried out in both countries, the book concludes with the lessons that each country can learn from the employment practices of the other.

About The Author

About the Authors: Clair Brown, Michael Reich, and Lloyd Ulman are all Professors at the Institute of Industrial Relations at University of California, Berkeley. Yoshifumi Nakata is a Professor in the Department of Industrial Relations at Doshisha University in Japan.
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Details & Specs

Title:Work and Pay in the United States and JapanFormat:HardcoverDimensions:256 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:August 1, 1997Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019511521X

ISBN - 13:9780195115215

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Table of Contents

1. Comparing Employment Systems2. Security3. Employee Involvement and Training4. Pay Systems, Career Paths, and Earnings Inequality5. Employers and Unions6. National Wage Determination in Japan7. ConclusionReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

"This is an empirically rich demonstration of the synergy between employment practices, job security, pay structure, and labor-management relations."--American Journal of Sociology