Working Hours And Job Sharing In The Eu And Usa: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Hardcover | February 28, 2008

EditorTito Boeri, Michael Burda, Francis Kramarz

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In the last 50 years the gap in labour productivity between Europe and the US has narrowed considerably with estimates in 2005 suggesting a EU-US labour productivity gap of about 5 per cent. Yet, average per capita income in the EU is still about 30% lower than in the US. This persistent gapin income per capita can be almost entirely explained by Europeans working less than Americans.Why do Europeans work so little compared to Americans? What do they do with their spare time outside work? Can they be induced to work more without reducing labour productivity? If so, how? And what is the effect on well-being if policies are created to reward paid work as opposed to otherpotentially socially valuable activities, like childbearing? More broadly, should the state interfere at all when it comes to bargaining over working hours? This volume explores these questions and many more in an attempt to understand the changing nature of the hours worked in the USA and EU, aswell as the effects of policies that impose working hour reductions.

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In the last 50 years the gap in labour productivity between Europe and the US has narrowed considerably with estimates in 2005 suggesting a EU-US labour productivity gap of about 5 per cent. Yet, average per capita income in the EU is still about 30% lower than in the US. This persistent gapin income per capita can be almost entirely e...

A national of Italy, Tito Boeri is currently Professor of Economics at Bocconi University, Milan and acts as Scientific Director of the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti. He is research fellow at CEPR, IZA and Igier-Bocconi. After obtaining his Ph.D. in economics from New York University, he was senior economist at the Organisation for ...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:336 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.83 inPublished:February 28, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199231028

ISBN - 13:9780199231027

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Table of Contents

Understanding Transatlantic Differences in Working HoursPart I The Distribution of Total Work in the EU and USAMichael Burda, Daniel S. Hamermesh, and Philippe Weil: 1. Time Use and Work Timing Inside and Outside the Market2. Explaining the Data3. Home Production, Set-up Costs, and WelfareComments by Alberto Alesina and Christopher PissaridesPart II Labour Market Effects of Work-Sharing Arrangements in EuropeFrancis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crepon, Oskar Nordstrom Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel, and Andre Zylberberg: 4. Relocation of Working Time and Employment5. Working Time Developments in Germany6. The Two French Work-Sharing Experiments: Employment and Productivity Effects7. Unions, Working Hours, and Absence: Sweden8. Work-sharing, Part-time Employment, and Childcare9. ConclusionComments by Guiseppe Nicoletti and Jan van OursFinal Remarks by Olivier Blanchard, Steve Nickell, and Guido Tabellini