Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium

Paperback | February 15, 2005

byDouglas S. Massey, Joaquin Arango, Graeme Hugo

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At the end of the 20th century nearly all developed nations have become countries of immigration, absorbing growing numbers of immigrants not only from developed regions, but increasingly from developing nations of the Third World. Although international migration has come to play a centralrole in the social, economic, and demographic dynamics of both immigrant-sending and immigrant-receiving countries, social scientists have been slow to construct a comprehensive theory to explain it. Efforts at theoretical explanation have been fragmented by disciplinary, geographic, andmethodological boundaries. Worlds in Motion seeks to overcome these schisms to create a comprehensive theory of international migration for the next century. After explicating the various propositions and hypotheses of current theories, and identifying area of complementarity and conflict, the authors review empirical research emanating from each of the world's principal international migration systems: North America, Western Europe, the Gulf, Asia andthe Pacific, and the Southern Cone of South America. Using data from the 1980s, levels and patterns of migration within each system are described to define their structure and organization. Specific studies are then comprehensively surveyed to evaluate the fundamental propositions of neoclassicaleconomics, the new economics of labour migration, segmented labour market theory, world systems theory, social capital theory, and the theory of cumulative causation. The various theories are also tested by applying them to the relationship between international migration and economic development.Although certain theories seem to function more effectively in certain systems, all contain elements of truth supported by empirical research. The task of the theorist is thus to identify which theories are most effective in accounting for international migration in the world today, and whatregional and national circumstances lead to a predominance of one theoretical mechanism over another. The book concludes by offering an empirically-grounded theoretical synthesis to serve as a guide for researchers and policy-makers in the 21st century.

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At the end of the 20th century nearly all developed nations have become countries of immigration, absorbing growing numbers of immigrants not only from developed regions, but increasingly from developing nations of the Third World. Although international migration has come to play a centralrole in the social, economic, and demographic ...

Douglas S. Massey is at Princeton University. Joaquin Arango is at Complutense University of Madrid. Graeme Hugo is at University of Adelaide.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:376 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.82 inPublished:February 15, 2005Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199282765

ISBN - 13:9780199282760

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Table of Contents

1. New Migrations, New Theories2. Contemporary Theories of International Migration3. Understanding the North American System4. Coming to Terms with European Immigration5. Labour Migration in the Gulf System6. Theory and Reality in the Gulf System7. International Migration in South America8. International Migration and National Development9. International Migration and Community Development10. Conclusions for the Next CenturyReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

`"An extremely useful volume... Worlds in Motion displays some of the best features of migration studies."'Nicholas Van Hear, Journal of Refugee Studies Vol. 12, No.4 25/09/2000