Writing in the Sciences: Exploring Conventions Of Scientific Discourse (part Of The Allyn & Bacon…

Paperback | February 23, 2009

byAnn M. Penrose, Steven B. Katz

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A rhetorical, multi-disciplinary guide, Writing in the Sciences discusses the major genres of science writing including research reports, grant proposals, conference presentations, and a variety of forms of public communication. Multiple samples from real research cases illustrate a range of scientific disciplines and audiences for scientific research along with the corresponding differences in focus, arrangement, style, and other rhetorical dimensions. Comparisons among disciplines provide the opportunity for students to identify common conventions in science and investigate variation across fields.

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A rhetorical, multi-disciplinary guide, Writing in the Sciences discusses the major genres of science writing including research reports, grant proposals, conference presentations, and a variety of forms of public communication. Multiple samples from real research cases illustrate a range of scientific disciplines and audiences for ...

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This rhetorical, multi-disciplinary guide discusses the major genres of science writing including research reports, grant proposals, conference presentations, and a variety of forms of public communication.Writing in the Sciencescombines a descriptive approach-helping readers to recognize distinctive features of common genres in their ...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:448 pages, 9.1 × 7.5 × 1.1 inPublished:February 23, 2009Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0205616712

ISBN - 13:9780205616718

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Table of Contents

Preface.


List of stylistic features.

 

I. PRINCIPLES AND PURPOSES FOR SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSE.

 

 

1. Science as a Social Enterprise.

 

1.1 The shaping of knowledge in science.

 

1.2 The social nature of science.

 

1.3 The centrality of communication in science.

 

1.4 The role of persuasion in scientific communication.

 

1.5 Scientific communication and convention.

 

1.6 The role of collaboration in scientific communication.

2. Exploring Technology in Scientific Communication.

 

2.1 Science and Technology.

 

2.2 Technology and Collaboration in Science.

 

2.3 Technology and Publication in Science.

 

2.4 Technology and the Public Audience for Science.

 

2.5 Technology’s Material Advantages.

 

2.6 Technology and the Visual Dimension of Science.

 

2.7 Technology and Paradigms.

 

2.8 Technology and the Rhetorical Challenge of Communicating Science.

3. Considering Ethics in Scientific Communication.

 

3.1 Social Contexts of Scientific Communication Ethics.

 

3.2 Ethical ‘Mechanisms’ in Science.

 

3.3 The Ethics of Authorship.

 

3.4 Scientific Communication as Moral Responsibility.

 

3.5 Ethical “Costs” of Communication Technology in Science.

 

3.6 Scientific Communication and Public Communication: An Ethical Conflict?

 

3.7 Scientific Style and Social Responsibility: A Two-Way Channel.

 

3.8 The Ethics of Style as Socialization.

 

II. EXPLORING FORUMS AND CONVENTIONS OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION.

 

4. Reading and Writing Research Reports.

4.1 Research Journals and Their Readers.

 

4.2 Argumentation in Science.

 

4.3 The Logic(s) of Scientific Inquiry.

 

4.4 Introducing the Research Problem.

 

4.5 Describing Methods.

 

4.6 Reporting Results.

 

4.7 Discussing Trends and Implications.

 

4.8 The Research Report Abstract.

 

4.9 Brief Report Genres: Research Letters and Notes.

 

4.10 How Scientists Write Reports.

 

4.11 How Scientists Read Reports.

 

4.12 How Reviewers Evaluate Reports.

 

 

5. Reviewing Prior Research.

5.1 The role of Prior Research in Scientific Argument.

 

5.2 Reviewing as a Genre: The Review Article.

 

5.3 Locating the Literature.

 

5.4 Reading Previous Research.

 

5.5 Identifying Trends and Patterns.

 

5.6 Organizing the Review.

 

5.7 Citing Sources in the Text.

 

5.8 Preparing the List of Works Cited.

 

5.9 The Research Review Abstract.

 

6. Preparing Conference Presentations.

6.1 The Role of Research Conferences in the Sciences.

 

6.2 Writing Conference Proposal Abstracts.

 

6.3 Organizing the Research Talk.

 

6.4 Methods of Oral Presentation.

 

6.5 Delivering Conference Presentations.

 

6.6 The Use of Graphics in Oral Presentations.

 

6.7 Preparing Research Posters.

 

7. Writing Research Proposals.

7.1The Role of the Proposal in Science.

 

7.2 Multiple Audiences of the Proposal.

 

7.3 Logic and Organization in the Research Proposal.

 

7.4 Introducing the Research Problem and Objectives.

 

7.5 Providing Background.

 

7.6 Describing Proposed Methods.

 

7.7 The Research Proposals Abstract.

 

7.8 How Scientists Write Research Proposals.

 

7.9 How Reviewers Evaluate Research Proposals.

 

7.10 Accountability in the Research Process.

 

8. Communicating with Public Audiences.

8.1 Why Do Scientists Communicate with Public Audiences?

 

8.2 Understanding “General” Audiences.

 

8.3 Adapting Through Narration.

 

8.4 Adapting Through Examples.

 

8.5 Adapting Through Definition.

 

8.6 Adapting Through Analysis.

 

8.7 Adapting Through Comparison.

 

8.8 Adapting Through Graphics.

 

8.9 Logic and Organization in Writing for Public Audiences.

 

III. SAMPLE CASES OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION.

 

Chapter 9: Research on the “Ulcer Bug”: From Theory to Clinic Application

Introduction

 

Warren and Marshall, “Unidentified curved bacilli...,” Lancet, 1983

 

Blaser, “Gastric Campylobacter-like organisms...,” Gastroenterology, 1987

 

Graham et al., “Effect of treatment...,” Annals of Internal Medicine, 1992

 

Chiba et al., “Treating Helicobacter pylori...,” British Medical Journal, 2002

 

Shah, “Dyspepsia and helicobacter pylori,” British Medical Journal, 2007 

 

Blaser, “An endangered species...,” Scientific American, February 2005

 

Marshall, “Helicobacter Connections,” Nobel Lecture, December 8, 2005

 

Chapter 10: Research on Predatory Algae: From Environmental Event to Environmental Policy

Introduction

 

Burkholder et al., “New ‘phantom’ dinoflagellate...,” Nature,1992

 

Huyghe, “Killer Algae...,” Discover, April 1993

 

National Sea Grant College Program, Call for Proposals, 1994

 

Burkholder and Rublee, Sea Grant proposal, 1994

 

Burkholder et al., “Demonstration of toxicity...,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2005

 

Rublee et al., “Detection of the Dinozoans..,” The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 2005

 

Engelhaupt, “New Pfiesteria toxin identified,” Environmental Science & Technology Online News, January 10, 2007

 

North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, “Safety and Personal Protection,” April 21, 2008

 

North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources, “DWQ Pfiesteria analysis,” April 26, 2008

 

Maryland Department of Natural Resources, “Protocol for Closing...,” April 18, 2008

 

Chapter 11: Research on the Oracle at Delphi: From Ancient Myth to Modern Interdisciplinary Science

 

Introduction

 

De Boer and Hale, “Proposal,” 1996      

     

De Boer et al., “New Evidence...,” Geology, 2001  

 

Spiller et al., “Multidisciplinary Defense...,” Journal of Toxicology–Clinical Toxicology, 2002

 

Broad, “For Delphic oracle, fumes and visions,” New York Times, 2002

 

Hale et al., “New Evidence...Temple of Apollo” (Conference Abstract), American Journal of Archeology, 2002

 

Etiope et al., “The geological links...,” Geology, 2006

 

Foster and Lehoux, “The Delphic Oracle...,” Clinical Toxicology, 2007

 

Chapter 12: Research on Kepler’s Supernova: From Satellite Image to Public Knowledge Space

Introduction

 

O’Dell, “Chandra X-ray Observatory,” NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, 1997

 

CXO Research Program, “Call for Proposals,” NASA/Chandra X-ray Center, 2007


Reynolds et al., “Kepler’s Supernova Remnant...,” NASA proposal, 2005  

 

Reynolds et al., “A Deep Chandra Observation” (Conference Abstract), American Astronomical Society, 2007

 

Roy and Watzke, “A Star's Death...,” NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, January 9, 2007

 

Cowen, “Solving a 400-year-old Supernova Riddle” Science News Online, January 27, 2007

 

Naeve, “Kepler Saw a White Dwarf Explode,” Sky & Telescope, April 2007  

 

Reynolds et al., “A Deep Chandra Observation...,” The Astrophysical Journal, 2007

 

Chapter 13: Research on Katrina’s Carbon Footprint: From Science to Public Debate

Introduction

 

DOE National Institute for Climatic Change Research, Request for Proposals, February 28, 2008

 

Chambers and Hurtt, “Hurricane Impacts on Structure...,” NICCR Project Summary, 2006

 

Chambers et al., “Hurricane Katrina’s Carbon Footprint...,” Science, November 16, 2007

 

Cook-Anderson, “Forests Damaged by Katrina...,” NASA, November 15, 2007

 

Kaufman, “Katrina, Rita Caused Forestry Disaster,” The Washington Post, November 16, 2007

 

Shogren, “Trees Lost to Katrina...,” NPR’s All Things Considered, January 21, 2008

 

Knutson et al., “Simulated reduction...,” Nature Geoscience, May 18, 2008

 

Associated Press, “Study Says Global Warming...,” The New York Times, May 19, 2008

 

Revkin, “A New Middle Stance...,” The New York Times, January 1, 2007

 

Works Cited.

 

Index of Names and Titles.

 

Subject Index.