Bringing together a wealth of archival documents from later nineteenth century, this book presents ethnographic notes on a variety of communities like Brahmans, Rajputs, Sikhs, Garhwalis, Muhammadens, and Dogras. They provide comprehensive information about their everyday lives; geographicaldistribution; physical and linguistic attributes; myths and genealogies; customs and traditions; religious and social observances; and livelihood patterns. Written by administrators, ethnographers, army officials, travellers, these documents are carefully edited and annotated by Mushirul Hasan. Hisintroduction locates these communities in the larger context of imperial ideologies and ethnographic debates around late-nineteenth-early twentieth century India. , This book will interest researchers, students, and scholars of modern Indian history, sociology, and anthropology.