Yesterday in Mexico: A Chronicle of the Revolution, 1919–1936

Paperback | July 6, 2011

byJohn W. F. Dulles

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Early in a sixteen-year sojourn in Mexico as an engineer for an American mining company, John W. F. Dulles became fascinated by the story of Mexico’s emergence as a modern nation, and was imbued with the urge to tell that story as it had not yet been told—by letting events speak for themselves, without any interpretations or appraisal.

The resultant book offers an interesting paradox: it is “chronicle” in the medieval sense—a straightforward record of events in chronological order, recounted with no effort at evaluation or interpretation; yet in one aspect it is a highly personal narrative, since much of its significant new material came to Dulles as a result of personal interviews with principals of the Revolution. From them he obtained firsthand versions of events and other reminiscences, and he has distilled these accounts into a work of history characterized by thorough research and objective narration.

These fascinating interviews were no more important, however, than were the author’s many hours of laborious search in libraries for accounts of the events from Carranza’s last year to Calles’ final retirement from the Mexican scene. The author read scores of impassioned versions of what transpired during these fateful years, accounts written from every point of view, virtually all of them unpublished in English and many of them documents which had never been published in any language.

Combining this material with the personal reminiscences, Dulles has provided a narrative rich in its new detail, dispassionate in its presentation of facts, dramatic in its description of the clash of armies and the turbulence of rough-and-tumble politics, and absorbing in its panoramic view of a people’s struggle.

In it come to life the colorful men of the Revolution —Obregón, De la Huerta, Carranza, Villa, Pani, Carillo Puerto, Morones, Calles, Portes Gil, Vasconcelos, Ortiz Rubio, Garrido Canabal, Rodríguez, Cárdenas. (Dulles’ narrative of their public actions is illumined occasionally by humorous anecdotes and by intimate glimpses.) From it emerges also, as the main character, Mexico herself, struggling for self-discipline, for economic stability, for justice among her citizens, for international recognition, for democracy.

This account will be prized for its encyclopedic collection of facts and for its important clarification of many notable events, among them the assassination of Carranza, the De La Huerta revolt, the assassination of Obregón, the trial of Toral, the resignation of President Ortiz Rubio, and the break between Cárdenas and Calles. More than sixty photographs supplement the text.

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From the Publisher

Early in a sixteen-year sojourn in Mexico as an engineer for an American mining company, John W. F. Dulles became fascinated by the story of Mexico’s emergence as a modern nation, and was imbued with the urge to tell that story as it had not yet been told—by letting events speak for themselves, without any interpretations or appraisal....

John W. F. Dulles (1913-2008) was University Professor of Latin American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:830 pages, 9 × 6 × 2 inPublished:July 6, 2011Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292729723

ISBN - 13:9780292729728

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Table of Contents

Preface1. General Alvaro Obregón and the Constitutionalist Revolution2. The Presidential Campaign of 1919–19203. The Plan of Agua Prieta4. Tlaxcalantongo5. From Tlaxcalantongo to Mexico City6. The Selection of an Interim President7. Adolfo de la Huerta and Pancho Villa8. The Interim Regime and Other Restless Generals9. The Election of General Obregón10. International Relations during the Interim Regime11. General Obregón and the Agrarian Problem12. Obregón’s Administration Gets under Way during a Depression13. Combatting Francisco Murguía and His Associates14. Combatting Ignorance15. The Death of the Partido Liberal Constitutionalista16. Carrillo Puerto and the Ligas de Resistencia de Yucatán17. De la Huerta Makes a Trip to New York18. The Bucareli Conferences19. The Presidential Succession20. The Assassination of Pancho Villa21. The Break between the Partido Cooperatista Nacional and Obregón22. Adolfo de la Huerta Breaks with Obregón23. The Pani-De la Huerta Controversy24. The Struggle Becomes Intense25. The First Stage of the De la Huerta Rebellion26. The Last Days of Carrillo Puerto27. The Assassination of Field Jurado28. Military Events; The Battle of Esperanza29. The Last Bloody Phases of the Rebellion30. Obregón Finishes His Term31. Luis N. Morones and Organized Labor32. Government Finances during the Golden Days of President Calles33. Efforts of the Calles Administration To Develop the Nation34. Struggle with the Catholic Clergy35. The Cristero Rebellion and the Case of Padre Pro36. The Revolutionary Program and United States Relations37. The Arrival of Ambassador Morrow38. The Presidential Campaign of Generals, 1927–192839. Bloody Climax of the 1927–1928 Presidential Campaign40. The Re-election of General Obregón41. The Assassination of General Obregón42. An Investigation and Some Accusations43. A Memorable Presidential Address44. The Selection of a Provisional President45. The Murder Trial46. President Portes Gil and the C.R.O.M.47. Background for the Querétaro Convention48. The Querétaro Convention of the Partido Nacional Revolucíonario49. The Outbreak of the Escobar Rebellion50. The Campaign East and North; The Battle of Jiménez51. The Campaign in the West52. The Resumption of Catholic Services53. Autonomy for the National University54. The Vasconcelista Campaign of 192955. A Bad Inauguration Day for President Ortiz Rubio56. Rough Times for the Convalescent57. The Great Depression Sets In58. Pani Returns to the Finance Ministry59. Some Cabinets of President Ortiz Rubio60. Acute Religious and Political Problems61. The Resignation of President Ortiz Rubio62. Pani’s Departure from President Rodríguez’ Cabinet63. Narciso Bassols and the Catholic Clergy64. The Official Party Selects a Presidential Candidate65. Efforts by the Opposition in 1933 and 193466. Negotiations with the United States under President Rodríguez67. Rodríguez Handles Agrarian and Labor Matters68. December, 193469. Garrido Canabal and Tabasco, “Laboratory of the Revolution”70. Agitation and Strikes in Early 193571. The Declarations of General Calles72. The Break between Cárdenas and Calles73. The Expedition to Tabasco74. General Calles Returns to Mexico75. The Curtain Falls for General CallesAppendix A: Presidents of MexicoAppendix B: Presidents of the P.N.RNotes on SourcesSources of MaterialIndex