Youth at Risk and Youth Justice: A Canadian Overview by John WinterdykYouth at Risk and Youth Justice: A Canadian Overview by John Winterdyk

Youth at Risk and Youth Justice: A Canadian Overview

EditorJohn Winterdyk, Russell Smandych

Paperback | February 10, 2016

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Youth at Risk and Youth Justice offers an engaging and relevant introduction to youth crime and deviance in Canada. Written by experts from across the country to offer a range of perspectives on the patterns, theories, and emerging topics related to youth justice, this text blends empiricalresearch with critical analysis, while incorporating youth voices throughout.
John Winterdyk is professor at Mount Royal University in the Department of Justice Studies, as well as an adjunct professor at St Thomas University, the University of Regina, and the Polytechnic of Namibia in Windhoek. He has published extensively in the areas of youth justice, human trafficking, international criminal justice and crim...
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Title:Youth at Risk and Youth Justice: A Canadian OverviewFormat:PaperbackDimensions:480 pages, 10 × 8 × 0.58 inPublished:February 10, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199018219

ISBN - 13:9780199018215

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Table of Contents

PrefaceContributorsPart I History, Trends, and LegislationIntroductionRussell Smandych: 1. From "Misguided Children" to "Criminal Youth": Exploring Historical and Contemporary Trends in Canadian Youth JusticeThe Development of Modern Juvenile Justice SystemsContemporary Trends in Youth Justice Law and Practice in CanadaJohn A. Winterdyk: 2. Measuring Youth Crime in Canada: An Elusive ChallengeDefining Youth CrimeMeasuring Delinquency: A Historical OverviewCharacteristics of Today's Young Offenders - The Official PictureMeasures of Youth Crime: The Unofficial PictureRoss Green: 3. Understanding the Youth Criminal Justice ActHistorical Context Leading to the Passage of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA)Policy Objectives Underlying the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA)Rights and Obligations of Young People and Parents under the (YCJA)Sentencing under the YCJAMultidisciplinary Approaches to Youth Justice and Crime PreventionConferencing under the YCJAMental Health Issues as a Consideration in Youth CourtThe Public's Right to Know vs. Young People's Right to PrivacySome Effects of the YCJA on At-Risk and Chargeable YouthAdrienne M.F. Peters and Raymond R. Corrado: NEW! 4. The Youth Justice System in ActionPoliceCourtCrown CounselDefence LawyersParents/GuardiansSentencingYouth Corrections: Treatment Regimes in Open- and Closed-Custody FacilitiesRestorative JusticeChallenges in Dealing with Youth Mental Health Issues in Youth Courts and CorrectionsThe Use of Risk Assessment Tools in Youth Courts and CorrectionsIssues Related to Youth RecordsPart II Understanding Contemporary Youth Crime and Justice: Theories and PerspectivesSusan A. Reid and Sarah Gilliss: 5. Key Challenges in Hearing the Voice of Youth in the Youth Justice SystemThe Legal Regulation of Childhood and AdolescenceThe Codification of a Separate System of Youth Justice in CanadaChallenges Faced by Youth with Highly Complex NeedsDeveloping Youth Policy with Youth VoiceChris McCormick: 6. Youth Deviance and the Media: Mapping Knowledge and the Limits to CertaintyThe Official Version: Statistics on Youth CrimeThe Unofficial Version: Alternative Methods of Measuring Youth CrimeYouth Crime in the MediaAn Example of the Media Analysis of Newspaper Articles on Youth CrimesLorinda Stoneman and Sibylle Artz: 7. Canadian Girls and Crime in the Twenty-First CenturyPatterns of Crime and Trends in Youth JusticeThe Female Young OffenderCanadian Justice System Responses to Female Youth CrimeTheories of Female Crime and DelinquencyPromising Directions: Toward Gender-Specific Interventions and Social JusticeStephen W. Baron: 8. New Theoretical Perspectives on Youth CrimeThe General Theory of Crime: Self-ControlGeneral Strain Theory (GST)Age-Graded Theory of Social ControlControl Balance TheoryDifferential Coercion TheorySituational Action TheoryBryan Hogeveen and Joanne C. Minaker: 9. Critical Criminology and Youth Justice in the Risk Society: Issues of Power and JusticeWhat Does It Mean to Be Critical? Why Is It Important?Marginalization and Aboriginal Youth CrimeJacques Derrida (1930-2004) and JusticeMichel Foucault (1926-1984) and PowerRisk and the Risk SocietyCultural CriminologyPart III At-Risk and Criminalized Youth Crime in Canada: Selected Types and ProblemsJordan Diplock, Darryl Plecas, and Ronda Trumper: 10. Issues of Substance Abuse and Related Crime in AdolescenceSubstance Abuse among Canadian YouthInherent Challenges of Measuring Adolescent Drug Use in Street-Involved-YouthReasons Youth Use Alcohol and Other Drugs- Potential Negative Effects of Adolescent Substance AbuseAdolescent Substance Abuse and the Link to Criminal BehaviourYouth Involvement in Drug CrimesAdolescent Substance Abuse PreventionSubstance Abuse Treatment for Young OffendersTreatment Best Practices with Young OffendersHirsch Greenberg, Jana Grekul, and Rhonda Nelson: 11. Aboriginal Youth Crime in CanadaUnderstanding the Complexities of Aboriginal Youth CrimeUnderstanding the Causes/Influences of CrimeInvestigating the Aboriginal Youth Gang PhenomenonAttribution of Responsibility: The Youth Justice SystemHealing: A More Appropriate Alternative to Aboriginal Youth Crime?Mark Totten: 12. An Overview of Gang-Involved Youth in CanadaOverview of Gang Research in CanadaGang Typology in CanadaStreet Gang Membership, Roles, and CharacteristicsGang Recruitment and ExitLegislation and Official Response to GangsFemale Involvement in GangsA Biopsychosocial Theory of Youth GangsPrevention, Intervention, and Suppression ApproachesBruce MacLaurin and Catherine Worthington: 13. Street-Involved Youth in CanadaDefining Street-Involved Youth v. Homeless AdultsTypologies of Street-Involved YouthNumbers of Street-Involved YouthPerspectives on Street-Involved YouthPathways to the Street - The Vulnerable PopulationLife on the StreetsRisks Associated with Street InvolvementInstitutional Experiences of Street-Involved YouthStreet Services and Intervention StrategiesSusan McIntyre and Anne Miller: 14. Under the Radar: The Sexual Exploitation of Young Men in Western CanadaFactors Leading to "Under the Radar: The Sexual Exploitation of Young Men"Key Demographics from StudyThe Work Life/Hustling of Sexually Exploited Young MenExperiences of Youth Who Stay in Sexual Exploitation TradeHelping Young Men Exit the Sexual Exploitation TradeMessages for Service ProvidersPart IV Keeping Kids Out of the System: Exploring Progressive Approaches to Youth Crime and JusticeLouis-Georges Cournoyer, Jacques Dionne, Michele Goyette, and Pierre Hamel: 15. Quebec's Experience in Keeping Youth Out of JailThe Quebec Intervention Model for Young Offenders: The Right Measure at the Right TimeEvolution of Quebec's Legislative FrameworkThe Evolution of InterventionsThe Evolution of Criminological ResearchToday's Services for Young OffendersQuebec's Guidelines for Youth Offenders' RehabilitationBrenda Morrison and Colleen Pawlychka: 16. Juvenile Justice and Restorative Justice: Reflecting on Developments in British ColumbiaReconceptualizing "Crime"Juvenile Justice Legislation: Social Control to "Off Ramps"The Development of Restorative Justice in BC: The Intersection of Three PracticesBritish Columbia's Justice ReformsOff Ramps: The Importance of NGOsJustice Reform: Responding and Engaging with Communities in Criminal JusticeStatutes CitedGlossaryIndex

Editorial Reviews

"This book is current and timely, and the content of the various chapters is well thought out." --David MacAlister, Simon Fraser University