The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets de Keith RobertsThe Origins of Business, Money, and Markets de Keith Roberts

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

deKeith Roberts

Couverture souple | 10 février 2015 | Anglais

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To understand business and its political, cultural, and economic context, it helps to view it historically, yet most business histories look no further back than the nineteenth century. The full sweep of business history actually begins much earlier, with the initial cities of Mesopotamia. In the first book to describe and explain these origins, Roberts depicts the society of ancient traders and consumers, tracing the roots of modern business and underscoring the relationship between early and modern business practice.

Roberts's narrative begins before business, which he defines as selling to voluntary buyers at a profit. Before business, he shows, the material conditions and concepts for the pursuit of profit did not exist, even though trade and manufacturing took place. The earliest business, he suggests, arose with the long distance trade of early Mesopotamia, and expanded into retail, manufacturing and finance in these command economies, culminating in the Middle Eastern empires. (Part One) But it was the largely independent rise of business, money, and markets in classical Greece that produced business much as we know it. Alexander the Great's conquests and the societies that his successors created in their kingdoms brought a version of this system to the old Middle Eastern empires, and beyond. (Part Two) At Rome this entrepreneurial market system gained important new features, including business corporations, public contracting, and even shopping malls. The story concludes with the sharp decline of business after the 3rd century CE. (Part Three)

In each part, Roberts portrays the major new types of business coming into existence. He weaves these descriptions into a narrative of how the prevailing political, economic, and social culture shaped the nature and importance of business and the status, wealth, and treatment of business people. Throughout, the discussion indicates how much (and how little) business has changed, provides a clear picture of what business actually is, presents a model for understanding the social impact of business as a whole, and yields stimulating insights for public policy today.

Keith Roberts is a graduate of Harvard College, Harvard Law School, and the Harvard Business School's Program in Venture Capital. He has served as president of the Preservation Group, a San Francisco-based real estate firm; Roberts Proprietaries, Inc., a manufacturing and distribution company; and other firms. He is an arbitrator for ...
Titre :The Origins of Business, Money, and MarketsFormat :Couverture soupleDimensions :368 pagesPublié le :10 février 2015Publié par :Columbia University PressLangue :Anglais

Les ISBN ci-dessous sont associés à ce titre :

ISBN - 10 :0231153279

ISBN - 13 :9780231153270


Table des matières

Foreword, by William H. McNeillPrefaceList of TermsIntroduction1 Business in the Ancient Middle East1. The Beginning2. Middle Eastern Empires, 1600-323 B.C.E.2 Business in Ancient Greece3. Markets and Greece4. Business in Athens5. Hellenistic History: Prologue to Revolution6. The Hellenistic Business Environment7. Hellenistic Business3 Business in Ancient Rome8. The Early Roman Republic9. The Late Roman Republic, 201-31 B.C.E.10. The Principate, 31 B.C.E.-192 C.E.11. Roman Society12. Roman Businesses13. The Downfall of Ancient BusinessConcluding NoteNotesBibliographyIndex


Roberts's well-documented, readable book provides valuable insight into the past and lessons for the present....highly recommended.