Chemical Crystallography with Pulsed Neutrons and Synchroton X-Rays by Maria Arménia CarrondoChemical Crystallography with Pulsed Neutrons and Synchroton X-Rays by Maria Arménia Carrondo

Chemical Crystallography with Pulsed Neutrons and Synchroton X-Rays

EditorMaria Arménia Carrondo, George A. Jeffrey

Paperback | October 8, 2011

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X-ray and neutron crystallography have played an increasingly impor­ tant role in the chemical and biochemical sciences over the past fifty years. The principal obstacles in this methodology, the phase problem and com­ puting, have been overcome. The former by the methods developed in the 1960's and just recognised by the 1985 Chemistry Nobel Prize award to Karle and Hauptman, the latter by the dramatic advances that have taken place in computer technology in the past twenty years. Within the last decade, two new radiation sources have been added to the crystallographer's tools. One is synchrotron X-rays and the other is spallation neutrons. Both have much more powerful fluxes than the pre­ vious sources and they are pulsed rather than continuos. New techniques are necessary to fully exploit the intense continuos radiation spectrum and its pulsed property. Both radiations are only available from particular National Laboratories on a guest-user basis for scientists outside these Na­ tional Laboratories. Hitherto, the major emphasis on the use of these facilities has been in solid-state physics, and the material, engineering and biological sciences. We believe that there is equivalent potential to applications which are pri­ marily chemical or biochemical.
Title:Chemical Crystallography with Pulsed Neutrons and Synchroton X-RaysFormat:PaperbackPublished:October 8, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401082871

ISBN - 13:9789401082877

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Table of Contents

-"Cheimcal Crystallography: Past, Present and Future".- Discussion.- -"Scientific Opportunities With Neutron Scattering".- Discussion.- -"The Scope and Possibilities of Crystallography With Pulsed Neutrons".- Discussion.- -"Some Aspects of Diffraction Physics With Pulsed Neutrons".- Discussion.- -"Applications of Neutron Scattering in Chemistry: Pulsed and Continuous Sources in Comparison".- Discussion.- -"Single Crystal Pulsed Neutron Diffraction".- Discussion.- -"Pulsed Neutron Powder Diffraction".- Discussion.- -"Pulsed Neutron Diffraction in Special Sample Environments".- Discussion.- -"Applications of Synchrotron X-rays to Chemical Crystallography".- Discussion.- -"Synchrotron X-Ray and Neutron Radiation in Protein Crystallography - Present and Future".- Discussion.- -"Synchrotron Radiation For Electron Density Studies".- Discussion.- -"Structural Applications of X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (EXAFS and XANES) in Coordination Chemistry".- Discussion.- -"Use of the Rietveld Profile Analysis for Crystal Structure Determination and Refinement".- Discussion.- -"Real-Time Neutron Powder Diffraction".- Discussion.- -"Chemical Crystallography With Pulsed Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation".- Discussion.- -"Recent Theoretical Advances in Macromolecular Structure Determination".- Discussion.- -"Solving Difficult Structures".- Discussion.- -"Real Time Synchrotron Radiation Diffraction Experiments on Polymers".- Discussion.- -"Time-Resolved Applications of Synchrotron Radiation in Protein Crystallography".- Discussion.- -"Crystallographic Studies of Biological Macroniolecules Using Synchrotron Radiation".- Discussion.- -"The Use of Synchrotron Radiation for Laue Diffraction and for the Study of Very Small Crystals".- Discussion.- FINAL PANEL DISCUSSION.- 23 Posters.- -"Structure of Proteinase K Using Synchrotron Radiation, and Binding of two Dipeptide Chloromethyl Ketone Inhibithors to the Active Site".- -"Protein Crystallography Using Synchrotron Radiation at the EMBL Gustation Hamburg".- -"The Structure of MnPO4.H2O by Synchrotron X-ray Powder Diffraction".- -"ENDIX - a Computer Program to Sinmlate Energy Dispersive X-ray and Synchrotron Powder Diffraction Diagram".- -"An Investigation of the Structure and Molecular Ordering of Liquid Crystal Phases".- -"Relation Betwen The Crystalline Structure and the SE Phase of Vinyl - P-(P'-N-Hexyloxyphenyl)benzoate".- -"On The Influence of the Non-bonded Pair of Pb(II) in the Novel Ordered Perovskite Pb[Sco.5(Tio.25)]O3".- -"Synthesis and Crystal Structure of TaoTenOo".- -"Remarks on the Structures and Phase Transitions in Aluminate Sodalites".- -"Relationship Between Chemical Reactivity and Crystal Structure in the Organic Solid State".- -"Study by EXAFS of Pt-Ru/Al2O3 Catalysts".- -"Electron Distribution in the Laves Phase, TiFe2".- -"The Structure of Squaric Acid by Powder Neutron Diffraction".- -"Data Analysis in Time Resolved Powder Diffractometry".- -"Phase Transitions in Sr2CO2O5: A Neutron Diffraction Study".- "A Rietveld Profile Analysis Treatment of Line-Broadening in KAIF4 layered compound".

Editorial Reviews

`This well organized volume covers a large material and provides theoretical as well as practical information to researchers willing to be involved in the field. It may count on the interest of specialists and will surely be welcomed by chemists and biologists ...' Reaction Kinetics and Catalysis Letters, 37:1, 1988. `The book should be most useful to readers having a good background of crystallography and in particular, to those who are likely to make use of pulsed neutrons or synchrotron X-rays in their research programmes on chemical crystallography.' L.M. Pant, Indian Journal of Chemistry, 27A, Dec. 1988.