Mathematics in Victorian Britain

Hardcover | October 15, 2011

EditorRaymond Flood, Adrian Rice, Robin Wilson

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During the Victorian era, industrial and economic growth led to a phenomenal rise in productivity and invention. That spirit of creativity and ingenuity was reflected in the massive expansion in scope and complexity of many scientific disciplines during this time, with subjects evolvingrapidly and the creation of many new disciplines. The subject of mathematics was no exception and many of the advances made by mathematicians during the Victorian period are still familiar today; matrices, vectors, Boolean algebra, histograms, and standard deviation were just some of the innovationspioneered by these mathematicians.This book constitutes perhaps the first general survey of the mathematics of the Victorian period. It assembles in a single source research on the history of Victorian mathematics that would otherwise be out of the reach of the general reader. It charts the growth and institutional development ofmathematics as a profession through the course of the 19th century in England, Scotland, Ireland, and across the British Empire. It then focuses on developments in specific mathematical areas, with chapters ranging from developments in pure mathematical topics (such as geometry, algebra, and logic)to Victorian work in the applied side of the subject (including statistics, calculating machines, and astronomy). Along the way, we encounter a host of mathematical scholars, some very well known (such as Charles Babbage, James Clerk Maxwell, Florence Nightingale, and Lewis Carroll), others largelyforgotten, but who all contributed to the development of Victorian mathematics.

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During the Victorian era, industrial and economic growth led to a phenomenal rise in productivity and invention. That spirit of creativity and ingenuity was reflected in the massive expansion in scope and complexity of many scientific disciplines during this time, with subjects evolvingrapidly and the creation of many new disciplines. ...

Raymond Flood is Emeritus Fellow of Kellogg College, Oxford where, prior to this, he was Vice President. He has worked as a university lecturer in Computing Studies and Mathematics at the Department for Continuing Education, Oxford University and was president of the British Society for the History of Mathematics. Adrian Rice is Pro...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:480 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.98 inPublished:October 15, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199601399

ISBN - 13:9780199601394

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Table of Contents

Foreword by Adam Hart-DavisAdrian Rice: Introduction1. Tony Crilly: Cambridge: the rise and fall of the mathematical tripos2. Keith Hannabuss: Mathematics in Victorian Oxford: a tale of three professors3. Adrian Rice: Mathematics in the metropolis: a survey of Victorian London4. A. J. S. Mann and A. D. D. Craik: Scotland: land of opportunity but few rewards5. Raymond Flood: Taking root: Mathematics in Victorian Ireland6. June Barrow-Green: Wranglers in Exile: mathematics in the British Empire7. Sloan Evans Despeaux: A voice for mathematics: Victorian mathematical journals and societies8. A. D. D. Craik: Victorian 'applied mathematics'9. Allan Chapman: Victorian astronomy: the age of the 'Grand Amateur'10. Doron D. Swade: Calculating engines: machines, mathematics, and misconceptions11. M. Eileen Magnello: Vital statistics: the measurement of public health12. M. Eileen Magnello: Darwinian variation and the creation of mathematical statistics13. I. Grattan-Guinness: Instruction in the calculus and differential equations in Victorian and Edwardian Britain14. Amirouche Moktefi: Geometry: the Euclid debate15. Karen Hunger Parshall: Victorian algebra: the freedom to create new mathematical entities16. I. Grattan-Guinness: Victorian logic: from Whately to Russell17. Robin Wilson: Combinatorics: a very Victorian recreation18. Jeremy Gray: Overstating their case? Reflections on British pure mathematics in the 19th century