Nietzsche and Buddhism: A Study in Nihilism and Ironic Affinities

Paperback | January 1, 1999

byRobert G. Morrison

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Robert Morrison offers an illuminating comparative study of two linked and interacting traditions that have had great influence in twentieth-century thought: Buddhism and the philosophy of Nietzsche. Nietzsche saw a direct historical parallel between the cultural situation of his own time andof the India of the Buddhas age: the emergence of nihilism as a consequence of loss of traditional belief. Nietzsche's fear, still resonant today, was that Europe was about to enter a nihilistic era in which people, no longer able to believe in the old religious and moral values, would feelthemselves adrift in a meaningless cosmos where life seems to have no particular purpose or end. Though he admired Buddhism as a noble and humane response to this situation, Nietzsche came to think that it was wrong in not seeking to overcome nihilism, and constituted a threat to the future ofEurope. It was in reaction against nihilism that he forged his own affirmative philosophy, aiming at the transvaluation of all values. Nietzsche's view of Buddhism has been very influential in the West; Dr Morrison gives a careful critical examination of this view, argues that in fact Buddhism is far from being a nihilistic religion, and offers a counterbalancing Buddhist view of the Nietzschean enterprise. He draws out theaffinities and conceptual similarities between the two, and concludes that, ironically, Nietzsche's aim of self-overcoming is akin to the Buddhist notion of citta-bhavana (mind-cultivation). Had Nietzsche lived in an age where Buddhism was better understood, Morrison suggests, he might even havefound in the Buddha a model of his hypothetical ubermensch. 'illuminating . . . Nietzsche was a genius, if a very odd one, and the Buddhist practitioner with an interest in philosophy should not neglect him. Morrison's explanatory work can be recommended . . . A paperback edition must be hoped for.' The Middle Way

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Robert Morrison offers an illuminating comparative study of two linked and interacting traditions that have had great influence in twentieth-century thought: Buddhism and the philosophy of Nietzsche. Nietzsche saw a direct historical parallel between the cultural situation of his own time andof the India of the Buddhas age: the emergen...

Robert G. Morrison is at University College, Chester.

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Format:PaperbackPublished:January 1, 1999Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198238657

ISBN - 13:9780198238652

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Table of Contents

PART ONE: NIETZSCHE's BUDDHISM1. Introduction2. Nietzsche on Buddhism3. Is Buddhism a Form of Passive Nihilism?4. How did Nietzsche Reach his Understanding of Buddhism?PART TWO: IRONIC AFFINITIES5. Introduction6. Nietzsche's View of Man7. The Buddha as a Profound Physiologist8. Nietzsche's Little Things, the Body, and the Buddhist Khandhas9. God's Shadow and the Buddhist No-Self Doctrine10. The Will to Power and Thirst11. Self-Overcoming and Mind-Development12. Learning to See and Seeing and Knowing Things as they Really Are13. EpilogueBibliography; Glossary; Index