Philosophy of Religion: A Guide and Anthology

Paperback | July 1, 2000

EditorBrian Davies

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Philosophy of Religion: A Guide and Anthology provides a comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible overview of the philosophy of religion. Under the careful editorship of Brian Davies, the book contains a selection of the best classical and contemporary writings on the philosophy ofreligion together with substantial commentary, introductory material, discussion questions, and detailed guides to further reading. The editorial material sets the extracts in context and guides the reader through them. Taken as a whole, the book offers the ideal, self-contained introduction to thequestions which have most preoccupied Western philosophers when thinking about religion. The selection is both very comprehensive and very generous. 65 sizeable extracts map out the full range of topics most commonly encountered in courses on the philosophy of religion. Part I looks at the relationbetween philosophy and religious belief; Parts II-IV consider the existence and nature of God; Part V addresses the 'problem of evil'; and Parts VI and VII are devoted to the relationship between morality and religion and to the question of life after death.

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Philosophy of Religion: A Guide and Anthology provides a comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible overview of the philosophy of religion. Under the careful editorship of Brian Davies, the book contains a selection of the best classical and contemporary writings on the philosophy ofreligion together with substantial commentary, int...

Professor Brian Davies is Professor of Philosophy, Fordham University, New York. He is a Catholic Priest and Dominican Friar and General Editor of the series 'Outstanding Christian Thinkers' published by Geoffrey Chapman, London and 'Medieval Minds' published by Oxford University Press. His many articles on Philosophy of Religion an...

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Format:PaperbackPublished:July 1, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019875194X

ISBN - 13:9780198751946

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Table of Contents

PrefaceGeneral IntroductionAdvice on ReadingPART I. PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS BELIEFIntroduction1. Thomas Aquinas: Faith and Reason in Harmony2. W.K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief3. Antony Flew: The Presumption of Atheism4. Alvin Plantinga: Religious Belief as 'Properly Basic'5. Norman Kretzmann: Evidence and Religious Belief6. D.Z. Phillips: Grammar and Religious Belief7. Norman Malcolm: The Groundlessness of Religious BeliefQuestions for DiscussionAdvice on Further ReadingPART II. THE PROBLEM OF GOD-TALKIntroduction8. Augustine of Hippo: How Believers Find God-Talk Puzzling9. A.J. Ayer: God-Talk is Evidently Nonsense10. Richard Swinburne: God-Talk is Not Evidently Nonsense11. Antony Flew: 'Death by a Thousand Qualifications'12. Thomas Aquinas: One Way of Understanding God-TalkQuestions for DiscussionAdvice on ReadingPART III. ARGUMENTS FOR GOD'S EXISTENCEIntroductionAdvice on ReadingCosmological ArgumentsIntroduction13. Anselm of Canterbury: A Concise Cosmological Argument from the Eleventh Century14. Thomas Aquinas: A Thirteenth Century Cosmological Argument15. John Duns Scotus: A Fourteenth-Century Cosmological Argument16. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: A Seventeenth-Century Cosmological Argument17. Herbert McCabe: A Modern Cosmological Argument18. Paul Edwards: Objections to Cosmological Arguments19. J.L. Mackie: More Objections to Cosmological Arguments20. David Hume: Why is a Cause Always Necessary?21. G.E.M. Anscombe: 'Whatever Has a Beginning of Existence Must Have a Cause'22. James A. Sadowsky: Can there be an Endless Regress of Causes?Questions for DiscussionAdvice on Further ReadingDesign Arguments23. Thomas Aquinas: IntroductionIntroduction29. Anselm of Canterbury: Anselm Argues That God Cannot Be Thought Not To Exist30. Gaunilo of Marmoutiers: Gaunilo Argues that Anselm is Wrong31. Anselm of Canterbury: Anselm Replies to Gaunilo32. Rene Descartes: Descartes Defends An Ontological Argument33. Pierre Gassendi, Johannes Caterus, Rene Descartes: Descartes Replies to Critics34. Immanuel Kant: A Classic Repudiation of Ontological Arguments35. Alvin Plantinga: A Contemporary Defence of Ontological ArgumentsQuestions for DiscussionAdvice on ReadingGod and Human ExperienceIntroduction36. C.B. Martin: Why 'Knowing God by Experience' is a Notion Open to Question37. Peter Donovan: Can We Know God by Experience?38. William P. Alston: Why Should There Not Be Experience of God?Questions for DiscussionAdvice on ReadingPART IV. WHAT IS GOD?IntroductionAdvice on Further ReadingOmnipotentIntroduction39. Thomas V. Morris: A Modern Discussion of Divine Omnipotence40. Thomas Aquinas: Why Think of God as Omnipotent?41. Richard Swinburne: Miracles and Laws of Nature42. David Hume: Why We Should Disbelieve in MiraclesQuestions for DiscussionAdvice on ReadingKnowingIntroduction43. Thomas Aquinas: Why Ascribe Knowledge to God?44. Boethius: Omniscience and Human Freedom: a Classic Discussion45. Nelson Pike: Problems for the Notion of Divine OmniscienceQuestions for DiscussionAdvice on Further ReadingEternalIntroduction46. Thomas Aquinas: Why Call God 'Eternal'?47. Nicholas Wolterstorff: God is 'Everlasting', not 'Eternal'48. Eleonore Stump and Norman Kretzmann: A Modern Defence of Divine Eternity49. A Different Modern Defence of Divine Eternity. Paul Helm: Questions for DiscussionAdvice on ReadingSimpleIntroduction50. Thomas Aquinas: A Classic Defence of Divine Simplicity51. Thomas V. Morris: Problems with Divine Simplicity52. Brian Davies: A Modern Defence of Divine SimplicityQuestions for DiscussionAdvice on Further ReadingPart V. THE PROBLEM OF EVILIntroduction53. J.L. Mackie: Evil Shows that there is no God54. Augustine of Hippo: What is Evil?55. Richard Swinburne: Evil Does Not Show That There Is No God56. Herbert McCabe: God, Evil, and Divine Responsibility57. Thomas Aquinas: God and Human FreedomQuestions for DiscussionAdvice on ReadingPart VI. MORALITY AND RELIGIONIntroduction58. Immanuel Kant: God as a 'Postulate' of Sound Moral Thinking59. H.P. Owen: Why Morality Implies the Existence of God60. Illtyd Trethowan: Moral Thinking as Awareness of God61. Kai Nielsen: Morality does not Imply the Existence of GodQuestions for DiscussionAdvice on Further ReadingPart VII. PEOPLE AND LIFE AFTER DEATHIntroduction62. Stephen T. Davis: Philosophy and Life After Death: The Questions and the Options63. Plato: Life After Death: An Ancient Greek View64. Bertrand Russell: Belief in Life After Death Comes from Emotion, not Reason65. Peter Geach: What Must be True of Me If I Survive My Death?Questions for DiscussionAdvice on Further ReadingIndex

Editorial Reviews

`A very comprehensive guide with well chosen extracts from the key thinkers and with good up to date bibiolographies on all important topics.'Professor Paul Badham, University of Wales, Lampeter