Physics of the Life Sciences by Jay Newman

Physics of the Life Sciences

byJay Newman

Hardcover | October 9, 2008

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Originally developed for the author's course at Union College, this text is directed at life science students who need to understand the connections of fundamental physics to modern biology and medicine. Almost all areas of modern life sciences integrally involve physics in both experimental techniques and in basic understanding of process and function. Each chapter has three types of learning aides for the student: open-ended questions, multiple-choice questions, and quantitative problems. In addition, there are a number of worked examples, averaging over five per chapter, and almost 450 photos and line drawings to illustrate concepts, many in full color. Physics of the Life Sciences is not a watered-down, algebra-based engineering physics book with sections on relevant biomedical topics added as an afterthought. The text fully integrates biology, biophysics and medical techniques into the presentation of modern physics, and was written with a thoroughgoing commitment to the needs and interests of life science students. While covering most of the standard topics that are included in introductory physics texts for this audience, the author gives added weight and space to topics that have more relevance to the life sciences. The material is designed to be covered in a two-semester course. Although students may have studied some calculus and can benefit from occasional sidebars using calculus to derive fundamental relations, only algebra and trigonometry are used to explore the basic physical concepts in the main body of the text and to solve the end-of-chapter problems. The order of topics follows a more or less traditional sequence. Rather than optional sections at the end of certain chapters, life science themes are plentiful and integral to the material throughout. Examples include:the early introduction of diffusion as an example of motion (full section in Chapter 3); The early introduction of motion in a viscous fluid as an example of one-dimensional motion, development of Hooke's law and elasticity with applications to biomaterials and viscoelasticity, and protein structure and molecular dynamics calculations (all in Chapter 4); Examples of rotational motion kinematics of a bacteria and of a rotary motor protein, the atomic force microscope, rotational diffusion and cell membrane dynamics (all in Chapter 8); A chapter (14) with a molecular discussion of entropy, a section on Gibbs free energy, and a section on biological applications of statistical thermodynamics.Chapters (15-16) on electric forces, fields and energy with sections on electrophoresis, macromolecular charges in solution, modern electrophoresis methods, electrostatic applications to native and synthetic macromolecules, an introduction of capacitors entirely through a discussion of cell membranes, and sections on membrane channels and electric potential mapping of the human body: heart, muscle and brainChapters on electromagnetic induction and waves (19 - 20) that includes discussion of MEG (magnetoencephalography) using SQUIDs, an entire section on NMR, a section on magnetic resonance imaging, a section on laser tweezers; a section on the quantum theory of radiation concepts (re-visited later); and a section on the interaction of radiation with matter - a primer on spectroscopy, including absorption spectroscopy, scattering, and fluorescenceFour chapters (21-24) on optics include a section on optical fibers and their applications in medicine, a section on the human eye, sections on the new light microscopies - dark field, fluorescence, phase contrast, DIC, confocal and multi-photon methods - and a discussion of polarization in biology, a sections on electron microscopy and computed tomography (CT) methods.

Details & Specs

Title:Physics of the Life SciencesFormat:HardcoverDimensions:736 pages, 10.98 × 8.27 × 0 inPublished:October 9, 2008Publisher:Springer New YorkLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0387772588

ISBN - 13:9780387772585

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Table of Contents

Introduction.- Newton's Laws of Motion for a Particle Moving in One-Dimension.- Applications of Newton's Laws of Motion in One-Dimension.- Work and Energy in One-Dimension.- Motion, Forces and Energy in More than One-Dimension.- Momentum.- Rotational Motion.- Ideal Fluids.- Viscous Fluids.- Waves and Resonance.- Sound.- Temperature and Heat.- Thermodynamics: Beyond the First Law.- Electric Forces and Fields.- Electric Energy and Potential.- Electric Current and Cell Membranes.- Magnetic Fields.- Electromagnetic Induction and Radiation.- Electromagnetic Waves.- Geometrical Optics.- Optical Lenses and Devices.- Wave Optics.- Imaging Using Wave Optics.- Special Relativity and Quantum Physics.- The Structure of Matter.- Nuclear Physics and Medical Applications.- Appendix I - Review of Mathematics. Appendix II - Table of the Elements. Appendix III - Answers to Odd-Numbered Multiple Choice and Problems.