The Morphosyntax of Gender

Paperback | September 27, 2015

byRuth Kramer

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This book presents a new cross-linguistic analysis of gender and its effects on morphosyntax. It addresses questions including the syntactic location of gender features; the role of natural gender; and the relationship between syntactic gender features and the morphological realization ofgender. Ruth Kramer argues that gender features are syntactically located on the n head ("little n"), which serves to nominalize category-neutral roots. Those gender features are either interpretable, as in the case of natural gender, or uninterpretable, like the gender of an inanimate noun inSpanish. Adopting Distributed Morphology, the book lays out how the gender features on n map onto the gender features relevant for morphological exponence. The analysis is supported by an in-depth case study of Amharic, which poses challenges for previous gender analyses and provides clear support for gender on n. The proposals generate a typology of two- and three-gender systems, with the various types illustrated using data from a genetically diverseset of languages. Finally, further evidence for gender being on n is provided from case studies of Somali and Romanian, as well as from the relationship between gender and other linguistic phenomena including derived nouns and declension class. Overall, the book provides one of the firstlarge-scale, cross-linguistically-oriented, theoretical approaches to the morphosyntax of gender.

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This book presents a new cross-linguistic analysis of gender and its effects on morphosyntax. It addresses questions including the syntactic location of gender features; the role of natural gender; and the relationship between syntactic gender features and the morphological realization ofgender. Ruth Kramer argues that gender features ...

Ruth Kramer is Assistant Professor of Linguistics at Georgetown University. She received her doctorate in 2009 from the University of California, Santa Cruz. Her research focuses on the syntax-morphology interface, especially phi features, clitics, and agreement, and she also specializes in the morphosyntax of the Ethiosemitic language...

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Kobo ebook|Nov 1 2013

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:September 27, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199679940

ISBN - 13:9780199679942

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. The Amharic gender system and previous approaches to gender3. An n analysis of gender4. Defining gender5. Case study 1: Two genders, three ns6. Case study 2: Adding an uninterpretable gender feature7. Case study 3: Three genders8. Gender is not on Num: Evidence from Somali and Romanian9. Gender and nominalizations10. The highest gender wins and the interaction of gender and declension class11. Conclusion