What is Justice?: Classic and Contemporary Readings

Paperback | November 15, 1999

byRobert C. Solomon, Mark C. Murphy

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What is Justice? Classic and Contemporary Readings, 2/e, brings together many of the most prominent and influential writings on the topic of justice, providing an exceptionally comprehensive introduction to the subject. It places special emphasis on "social contract" theories of justice, bothancient and modern, culminating in the monumental work of John Rawls and various responses to his work. It also deals with questions of retributive justice and punishment, topics that are often excluded from other volumes on justice. This new edition features expanded and updated readings on justiceand punishment and includes more recent responses to John Rawls's work. Part One of the book features selections from classical sources including Homer, Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, and Mencius, as well as excerpts from the Bible and the Koran. Part Two provides readings on the state of nature and the social contract, from Hobbes and Locke to Rawls, Nozick,Gauthier, and Baier. Part Three includes the Declaration of Independence and Amendments to the U.S. Constitution in addition to selections on property and social justice by Locke, Hume, Adam Smith, Engels, Marx, Mill, and several contemporary authors. Part Four offers a wide variety of readings onpunishment, several of which address the death penalty. Part Five begins with selections from Rawls's work and includes responses from Dworkin, Nagel, Nozick, MacIntyre, Sandel, Walzer, Okin, and Rawls himself. Each selection is preceded by a brief introduction and each of the five parts opens withan introduction. The volume is further enhanced by a general introduction and an updated and extensive bibliography. Ideal for a wide variety of courses including social and political philosophy, ethics, philosophy of law, and contemporary moral problems, What Is Justice?, 2/e, does not assume any philosophical or specialized background. It is also engaging reading for anyone interested in justice.

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What is Justice? Classic and Contemporary Readings, 2/e, brings together many of the most prominent and influential writings on the topic of justice, providing an exceptionally comprehensive introduction to the subject. It places special emphasis on "social contract" theories of justice, bothancient and modern, culminating in the monum...

Robert C. Solomon is at University of Texas at Austin. Mark C. Murphy is at Georgetown University.

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Format:PaperbackPublished:November 15, 1999Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195128109

ISBN - 13:9780195128109

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPart One: Classical SourcesHomer, from the Iliad"Justice, Equality, Desert," from the BiblePlato from the RepublicAristotle, from the Nicomachean Ethics"Justice, Retribution, and Mercy," from the KoranAquinas, from Summa TheologicaMencius, from On the MindPart Two: Justice and the Social ContractHobbes, from LeviathanLocke, from Second Treatise on GovernmentRousseau, from A Discourse on Inequality and The Social ContractHegel, from Phenomenology of SpiritRawls, from A Theory of JusticeNozick, from Anarchy, State, and UtopiaGauthier, from "The Social Contract as Ideology"Baier, from "Trust and Antitrust"Part Three: Justice and SocietyThe Declaration of Independence and Amendments to the Constitution of the United States of AmericaLocke, from Second Treatise on GovernmentHume, from An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Justice and A Treatise of Human NatureAdam Smith, from A Theory of Moral Sentiments and The Wealth of NationsKant, from Philosophy of LawHegel, from Philosophy of RightMill, from UtilitarianismEngels, from Anti-Duhring, and Marx, from A Critique of the Gotha Programmevon Hayek, from The Mirage of Social JusticeBernard Williams, from "The Idean of EqualityDavid Miller, from Social JusticePart Four: Justice and PunishmentPietro Marongiu and Graeme Newman, from VengeanceNozick, from Philosophical ExplanationsBentham, from Introduction to the Principles of Morals and LegislationKant, from Philosophy of LawHegel, from Philosophy of RightNietzsche, from On the Genealogy of MoralsRawls, from "Two Concepts of Rules"Michael Moore, from "The Moral Worth of Retribution"Jean Hampton, from "The Moral Education Theory of Punishment"Robert Solomon, from A Passion for JusticeUnited States Supreme Court, Gregg v. GeorgiaHugo Bedau, from "Capital Punishment and Retributive Justice"Ernst van den Haag, from "Deterrence and the Death Penalty"Camus, from "Reflections on the Guillotine"Part Five: The Contemporary Debate on Distributive JusticeRawls, from A Theory of JusticeDworkin, from "The Original Position"Thomas Nagel, from "Rawls on Justice"Nozick, from Anarchy, State and UtopiaMacIntyre, from After VirtueMichael Sandel, from Liberalism and the Limits of JusticeMichael Walzer, from Spheres of JusticeSusan Moller Okin, from Justice, Gender and the FamilyRawls, from "Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical"Bibliography

Editorial Reviews

"An excellent collection. In particular, it has a well thought out structure and especially nice articles on justice and punishment and on distributive justice."--Stephen Kershnar, State University of New York-Fredonia