In this new text for the Education market, Susan Gibson uses a constructivist framework to guide teacher candidates learning how to teach Social Studies at the elementary level. The basis premise of constructivism is students learn by fitting new information together with what they already know, and students active engagement. Constructivism is the opposite of a didactic approach to teaching, wherein teachers lecture and students receive information sitting passively at their desks. Our author believes that teachers? beliefs about how students learn and the role the teacher plays in that learning affects their decision making across all aspects of planning, instruction, resource selection and reflective exercises.