The Ruhr Crisis 1923-1924 by Conan FischerThe Ruhr Crisis 1923-1924 by Conan Fischer

The Ruhr Crisis 1923-1924

byConan Fischer

Hardcover | April 15, 2003

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In January 1923 French and Belgian forces occupied Germany's Ruhr District and seized its prime industrial assets in lieu of unpaid reparations. This unilateral attempt to enforce the crumbling Versailles settlement precipitated a wider struggle for long-term control of Western Germany andultimately for the very survival of the Weimar Republic. The Ruhr Crisis is the first comprehensive account of a definitive and mutually self-defeating confrontation, which marked one of the great untold tragedies of European history yet, paradoxically, sowed the seeds of Franco-Germanreconciliation after 1949. It demonstrates how and why the people of the Ruhr waged a grass-roots mass campaign of passive resistance against the invaders, and evaluates the human and political price of their ultimate failure. To this end, the author exploits a broad range of local and regionalsources, many for the first time, to bring together the high politics of the crisis and intimate, often disturbing, accounts of the daily struggle in the mines, towns, and villages of the Ruhr. It is a ground-breaking contribution to the history of inter-war Germany.

About The Author

Conan Fischer is a Professor of European History, University of Strathclyde.

Details & Specs

Title:The Ruhr Crisis 1923-1924Format:HardcoverDimensions:326 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.9 inPublished:April 15, 2003Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198208006

ISBN - 13:9780198208006

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgementsIntroduction1. From Versailles to the Ruhr Crisis2. Occupation3. Heavy Industry, Labour, and the Onset of Passive Resistance4. Civil Servants and the Onset of Passive Resistance5. Social Dislocation during the Ruhr Crisis: Hunger and Evacuation6. Social Dislocation during the Ruhr Crisis: Soldiers, Moral Challenges and Education7. The High Noon of the Passive Resistance Campaign8. The End of Passive Resistance9. From Surrender to the Economic Councils10. From the Micum Agreements to the Dawes PlanConclusionBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

`This fascinating and detailed study of the Ruhr crisis begins with the background against which the occupation took place, including France's historic belief that the Rhine was its natural frontier and Clemenceau's view that the Rhineland would never need to be evacuated because Germany wouldnever pay the reparations demanded by the Treaty of Versailles.'History